Benefits of Using Container Rental Services

Find Out How You Can Benefit From Our Container Rental Services in Miri!

You can commonly find container rental services used by shipping companies. Although it is widely used by shipping containers, it does not mean that other services or industries don’t need it. Here at TKR Engineering, we also provide container services.

Do you know that container services can easily benefit you in quite a few ways? Container rental services really does benefit you in many ways. Here are some benefits of using the container rental services provided by TKR Engineering. Note that our container rental services are largely based in Miri, Sarawak. We don’t just provide container rental services to local Mirians, but we also provide the service to all Sarawak companies and Malaysian companies.

The Advantages of Using Container Rental Services

Let’s have a look at how you can benefit from container rental services from this mini-list.

1. Multi-purpose storage spaces

Storage containers can be used for a number of situations. Whether you need space for holding office files, unused equipment, or excess inventory, container rental can be a solution. The durable build of the storage containers means your assets will be safe from bad weather, worksite debris, and break-ins. Our storage container rentals come with a secure lock, protecting your valuable from raiders.

2. Efficiency

Travelling between an off-site storage unit can cost your company time and money. Having a storage unit at your workplace means that you can easily access important equipment and forms to complete your much needed daily tasks. Maximize productivity and flexibility when the things you need are stored within your easy reach. Storing machinery and other assets at an off-site location means you are limited to external business hours. You may not even be able to access your supplies when you need it.

Having your own storage also means you can rearrange for your equipment and assets as needed to fit your work. Remove and add any assets from the unit to meet the needs of your company. Choose the size that best fits you and can grow with your business.

3. Flexibility

Storage containers provide a lot of benefits if you are looking for a storage solution that can adapt to your plans on the go. By renting out your container instead of buying it, you can take this intrinsic flexibility even further.

Timing

Renting a shipping container works for circumstances where time is of the essence.

A storage container can be delivered to you in a relatively short period of time. You can even place it right where you need it. This makes it possible to quickly acclimatize to unforeseen complications in ongoing projects at home. You can even keep track of it at your place of business with on-demand storage space.

Retail businesses can benefit from the container rental process to help themselves prepare for seasonal purchasing spikes and other demanding times. That means they do not have to commit to a large payment. As soon as you no longer need your hired shipping container, you can return it without many problems. You can even immediately free up access to space it took up.

Buying a container out-and-out means making plans for long-term storage purposes. Even when the container rental is not in use, it can be more difficult to manage.

Pricing

Renting a storage container for a short period of time is suggestively more cost-effective. It will certainly help you save some money than buying one for the same short-term purpose.

When you rent a storage container, you can take into consideration the type and size before you order it. It’s like just as you will if you were planning on buying the container. On the other hand, unlike making a full buy-out, you can choose to take on a leasing agreement that fits your needs.

Adjustable leasing agreements such as those on offer here at CBOX make it possible to rent containers for short periods of time very easily. You can also rent a storage container for a much longer period of time with a long-term lease or opt for a special finance lease to take ownership of your rented container after a set period of time.

4. Assessing the ideal size and space requirements of your shipping items

Although you can guesstimate the amount of space needed to carry out the work, a lot of companies often need to readjust their items/functions. This is to fit the smaller or larger container a lot better. If you’re buying a container for long-term use, this can be a huge interruption to your plan of space utilization in the future.

There are many different dimensions of shipping containers. However, it is quite challenging to regulate the ideal size for your project before actually utilizing it. Shipping container rentals provide you with the freedom to reconsider the best size of the container after the rental period. This way you can opt for a different size that is better suited for your needs when renting again.

Although this is considered a benefit, we recommend that you seek professional help from your shipping container rental company. You can get them to find the right unit size the first time, especially when you are considering a longer-term rental. If you get the incorrect size when renting, your provider can simply swap them out for you. Buying one will require you to sell the wrong unit first before replacing it. A lot of times these can be very problematic.

Conclusion

Shipping container rentals are great for users looking for short-term, seasonal storages. People looking to buy can still use the rental period as a trial time to reconsider the size and specifications. That way you are able to identify the necessary modifications before buying one. Whatever you require, you can always find us for assistance in identifying the best unit size for a better experience.

For more information, please call TKR Engineering Miri at +6085 433 101 or contact us here at our website.

 

 

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Great Custom Fabricated Services You Never Know You Need

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Custom Fabricated Services With Quality That Benefit You

Everyone Loves a Great Quality Custom Fabricated Service

Quality custom fabricated services are definitely important for a lot of construction companies. No two custom fabrication projects are the same. From the initial idea to the final product, you will need to find a potential company who can see you through from start to finish. Find a company that can keep your timeline and budget on track, and tackle any issues that come up throughout the custom fabricated servicing process.

Quality is something that a lot of clients are looking for when it comes to their custom fabricated projects. A lot of engineering companies are able to provide that. So that means, it’s a pretty competitive market for such projects. In this article, we will talk about why having quality custom fabricated services is important.

Engineers’ Industrial Experiences Matters

Engineers’ Industrial Experiences Matters
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Proper “architectural” drawings from the engineering team will allow the fabrication team to estimate the timeline and finances for the project. It can also identify the materials needed and determine the proper equipment and methods needed. At the same time, it can also look for areas that can be improved or enhanced. It also identifies any potential problems that may happen during the process.

Working with the right fabricator means that everything you need can come from just one working partner. When working with one partner who can tackle your project from the start to end means easier project management. It also means lower cost, and a much faster timeline.

That original rough sketch isn’t satisfactory enough to begin production. However, in-house engineers in a custom fabrication team can take those rough sketches, review the project, improve sub-par areas, and get your project started on the right track. In the overview of an experienced fabrication team, a skilled fabricator can begin to ask the right questions and guide you in the proper direction through each step. All the way from getting the proper drawings created to having your project completed for the right price. You can even expect it to complete with the highest quality.

It’s Great to Have a Skilled Fabricator With Diversified Skills

It’s Great to Have a Skilled Fabricator With Diversified Skills
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When you are considering a fabricator to team up with, you may feel enticed by companies offering specialised skills. However, looking for a suitable fabricator with diverse capabilities is usually the smarter choice for a number of reasons. When subcontracting, you can increase quality and reduce costs by settling for a fabricator with diverse capabilities.

Working with a specialist is great for a simple project. However, most fabrications are not one-dimensional. In most cases, your projects will need different specialists for different parts of the project.

If you opt for a real specialist to work with, this means you will need to get several different specialists to handle each different characteristic of the build. This makes management of the custom fabrication project considerably more difficult. Each contractor you take on to the project also adds increased timelines and expenses. Furthermore, there is a possible decrease in the overall quality level of the project.

A diverse fabricator is usually a much better choice for your project. They are able to tackle the entire project from the start to the end. The project will most likely include:

  • Engineering design
  • Welding capabilities
  • Forming
  • And additional services at your choosing

While a specialist with experience in a specific niche is important, a diverse fabricator will have the right mix of experience to carry your project thoroughly. Consider how long the company has been in the industry. Consider how much experience each of the craftsmen has for each part of your project too. It’s best to settle for a company who has done projects similar to the one you are doing. Preferably one who has a reputation for getting the job done properly.

Quality Process Equates Successful Custom Fabrication Projects

Quality Process Equates Successful Custom Fabrication Projects
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Quality control is what can determine whether custom fabrication projects will be successful. When looking for custom fabrication companies, you should look at how the metal fabrication organisation handles some of the important project aspects.

If a metal fabrication company has quality processes in place, the project has a better chance of success. Hearing that your metal shop hold high-quality standards is one thing. However, looking into their processes will give you a much-improved idea of how they are handled.

A successful quality process should have at least most, if not all of the following:

  • Safety
  • Managing costs
  • Compliance
  • Consistency
  • Reputation

The custom fabricator’s commitment to quality is evident in every job they do.

Planning Capability and Demand Reaction

Planning Capability and Demand Reaction
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When defining if your metal fabrication company is capable of planning and reacting to demand, there are certain “aspects” to look for. If your metal fabrication company meets these aspects, they will almost definitely be able to plan for and react to the demands of your company. When looking for a metal fabrication partner, look for pointers that they are ready to handle any issues that can arise during your project.

If your metal fabrication company of choice regularly fails to meet delivery times, they may not be the right choice for you. This typically means that they are quite likely unprepared for any change in forecasted and actual demand.

When the company you choose can’t meet your schedule, it will put your project behind your forecasted timeline. This will greatly influence your process and ability to deliver on time. It can impact your overall cost and reputation with your clients. Typically, it’s important to find a metal fabrication company that can meet delivery timelines.

When your metal fabrication partner is capable of planning and meeting demands, you can be certain that they are able to work with you on any project you have. When they are well-prepared, you will get the raw materials you need on time and in a cost-effective manner. This will allow you to be successful in your projects. When looking for a metal fabrication company, look into their history and established processes to see if they are ready to meet any future demands.

Conclusion

If you ever need custom fabricated services, TKR Engineering has it right here in Miri, Sarawak. We provide some of the best custom fabricated services around Sarawak, Malaysia. Be sure to look for us when you need our services!

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Types of Civil Engineering

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Types of Civil Engineering

What Each Type of Civil Engineering Branches Do

types of engineering
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It’s a less than popular known fact that there are many types of civil engineering. People may not talk about it often. However, the different types of civil engineering have been around for many decades already.

Civil engineering is practically one of the oldest jobs in the world. Civil engineering usually includes constructing, designing, and maintaining a physical environment. This comes with structures such as airports, roads, bridges, and many more. For obvious reasons, a civil engineer has an influence on the things we use every day and our surroundings.

Having said all that, here are some of the main types of civil engineering.

Main Types of Civil Engineering

There are quite a few branches of civil engineering. Here are just some of them.

Construction and Management Engineering

Construction and Management Engineering types of engineering
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Construction and management engineering is largely about creating things like bridges, buildings, roads, and railways. The purpose of engineering construction is to construct these structures in the most efficient, safe, and sustainable way possible. In the present day, they also try to construct skyscrapers as environmentally friendly as possible.

After the construction phase follows an asset management phase. In this phase, the construction and management engineer will draw out the maintenance, operation, and refurbishment. It will be done over the lifespan of the project. These things have to be managed holistically. This is so that the owner of the project can ensure that there is value in return for money invested on the project.

Geotechnical Engineering

types of engineering Geotechnical Engineering
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Of all the civil engineering types, geotechnical engineering is concerned with understanding how a project interacts with the ground. People in the geotechnical engineering field will usually deal with structures such as tunnels, bridges, roads, railways and similar.

Geotechnical engineers have to deal with a different type of ground for every project. Whether if it is made out of soil or rock, it is the geotechnical engineer’s job to figure out how it will function with the project. This motivates most geotechnical engineers because no two grounds are the same.

Structural Engineering

Structural Engineering types of engineering
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Assessing and designing the construction of bridges, towers, buildings, dams and more is within the job of a structural engineer. These structures need to be constructed in a way that makes them safe, sustainable, economical, and somewhat pleasing to the eye. Similar to construction and management engineering, structural engineering uses math and physics to do their job.

By using math and physics, structural engineers can see if all parts of the project have sufficient strength to take loads. They can also determine the structures service life and see if it is stable. Of every type of civil engineering projects, structural engineering plays the biggest part in designing and choosing materials for a project.

Transport Engineering

Transport Engineering types of engineering
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To no one’s surprise, transport engineering is the planning, designing, and operation of huge transport systems. Whether if it is public or private, everybody needs to have access to some form of transportation to move around. People have many ways of transportation today such as air, water, road, and railway transport.

A transport engineers’ job is to ensure that these forms of transportation can meet certain standards. Standards such as sustainability and safety need to be attained. With the technology we currently have, transport engineers are trying to reduce emissions and energy use. They have aimed to become environmentally friendly. Transport engineering is about always looking for a way to improve our transportation systems.

Water Engineering

Water Engineering types of engineering
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How does water interact with our surroundings? Water engineering is about understanding why natural water systems behave the way they do. Water engineering also involves designing and creating ways to store or direct water. Understanding how water functions can create a way for us to conserve water. For now, water engineering is focused on dealing with floods, groundwater, and other disasters related to the water element.

Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering types of engineering
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Environmental engineering focuses more on designing innovative ways to conserve densely populated areas. At the same time, it also prevents and reduces pollution from destroying the environment and natural resources.

Generally, environmental engineers disseminate detailed analysis on a huge spectrum of environmental issues. They also create solutions to these problems. Projects under environmental engineering help tackle global issues. It also helps to improve control of recycling, public health, water, and pollution.

Coastal Engineering

Coastal Engineering types of engineering
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This is a type of civil engineering that includes the sciences of oceanography and coastal geology. They are to help manage erosion, place, and buildings. Coastal engineering screens coastal structures, nourish beaches and maintains harbours and ports. It also helps monitor other related navigation properties. In an attempt to address environmental and ecological problems, coastal engineering plays an important role in protecting coastlines.

Earthquake Engineering

Earthquake Engineering Types of Engineering
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Earthquake engineering is a type of civil engineering that specializes in extenuating hazards involving earthquakes for structures. This type of civil engineering takes descriptions of earthquake sources to analyse structural responses and site effects. Earthquake engineers also apply their knowledge to design, plan, and construct earthquake-resistant structures. Similar to the other types of civil engineering, the seismic safety of a structure reflects the same processes: design, construction, and location.

For earthquake engineering, the location means everything. The West Coast in North America, for example, is highly prone to earthquakes. Since that it sits upon the San Andreas Fault. Earthquake engineers usually study special instruments like strong-motion seismographs to comprehend ground motions from earthquakes. Earthquake engineering has similar tasks to structural engineering in terms of defining the stability of structures.

Forensic Engineering

Forensic Engineering Types of Engineering
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It’s all about finding out what went wrong. By applying their forensic engineering knowledge, these engineers determine the cause of structure or machine failure. With reverse engineering, forensic engineers can find out the causes of why a component, machine, or structure has failed its performance.

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Conclusion

Civil engineering has made many of the structures we see and use every day. To say that they have a huge impact on our lives will be an understatement. There are many types of civil engineering branches. However, each one has an important role to fill. Without these different types of civil engineering, our society is less likely to advance.

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Successfully Installed the Motor-Driven Pumps!

Successfully Installed the Motor-Driven Pumps for Chemical Injection Package!

We are able to offer customizable Chemical Injection Packages that feature unsurpassed reliability and quality. We are also involved in the design and construction commissioning of the skids and packages that comply with API standards.
 
With TKR Engineering, from initial sketching process to the finished system, everything from a single source.
 
tkr skid image
Image copyrighted for TKR Engineering
TKR Skid image 2
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If you need any engineering solutions, feel free to contact us. Or you may reach out to us via the following contact details below:

 

Address: Lot 2075 Jalan Disa, Krokop,98000 Miri Sarawak

Office Hours: Monday-Friday: 8.00 am to 5.00 pm & Saturday 8am to 12pm

Office Telephone Numbers: +6085 416 320 or +6085 433 101

Email: enquiry@tkrengineering.com

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Types of Cooling PPE

How These Different Kinds of Cooling PPE Technology Can Help You

There are so many types of cooling PPE gears available. Although it is relatively new research it does not mean it does not exist. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is important to workplace safety. However, it can also be uncomfortably hot for its wearers. Furthermore, warm weather doesn’t exactly help either. The latest cooling PPE research and products are looking to keep workers cool while wearing it without compromising on protection.

You may have office staffs who have to wear long pants or arc-flash and fire-resistant (AFR) clothing to shield them from other workplace hazards. With that being said, the potential for heat stress is even greater.

NIOSH Research

niosh
Screenshot of NIOSH Official Website

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) studies and researches the use of cooling PPE types in its 2016 recommendation. It is the same suggestion for a standard for heat and hot environments. They come to find that cooling PPE can help alleviate the heat caused by wearing protective clothing or equipment. However, there are limitations for each type of cooling garment.

Protective clothing such as AFR clothing can add to the heat stress of summer work. This may encourage and tempt many workers to go without it. AFR clothing may protect workers from sparks. However, it makes body-temperature regulation difficult.

All clothing will affect the rate and amount of heat exchange between the wearer’s skin and the ambient air. This is especially true for clothing developed to provide protection against hazardous chemical, physical, and biologic agents. Clothing sequesters the wearer from the external environment and also traps body heat.

Wearing impermeable, protective clothing significantly limits heat exchange. The porousness prevents the evaporative heat transfer regularly is accomplished through sweating. Wearing and working in PPE clothing, which sometimes can be heavy, also needs additional metabolic energy. It can create even more body heat.

Different Kinds of Cooling PPE

Different Kinds of Cooling PPE
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In this article, we will talk about the different types of cooling PPE that are known. You are able to get them readily available from suppliers. Let’s find out what they are.

NIOSH has gauged 4 auxiliary cooling methods for its heat and hot environments criteria document:

  • Water-cooled garments
  • Air-cooled garments
  • Cooling vests
  • Wetted overgarments

Water-cooled garments have cooling lubricant tubing sewn into the garment and an external operating device. The operating device may come with a battery, circulating pump, control pad, fluid container, and heat exchanger. However, the weight and volume of the operating device may decrease a wearer’s movement. It may also impose an extra weight burden. A water-cooled garment may come with the following:

  • Water-cooled cap paired with a water-cooled vest
  • Long water-cooled undergarment
  • Short water-cooled undergarment

Gel chemistry, cooling towels and wraps

Gel chemistry, cooling towels and wraps
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Reusable frozen gel packs have been around for many years. You can normally find these used in hospitals as:

  • Post-surgical treatment options
  • Provide comfort to nursing mothers
  • Help people deal with heatwaves from hormone changes
  • Chemotherapy
  • Other certain medical conditions

Doctors and other similar medical personnel often put frozen packs in their pockets, chest areas, or under their straps. Other cooling strategies may include products disguised as necklaces with huge cooling beads in the form of a long wrap. The reusable beads are gel packs that can be chilled again and again. Some headbands and neck wraps use evaporative technology to keep the wearer cool.

Cooling towels are also another choice.  A huge range of products is also commercially available. Many are made from polyvinyl acetate, microfiber, cotton or a mixture of several chemistries. The cooling mechanisms may differ per product. Some use evaporation, while some others use what is also known as phase-changing technology. It is where a removable pack, filled with saline or distilled water, can be frozen again and again repeatedly.

There are also pre-dampened towels that use natural ingredients such as lime and lemon oil, aloe vera juice, and water to create an instant cooling feeling. A long-lasting cooling towel product can be hung around your neck and positioned under your PPE.

People may say that only medical personnel use it. However, they are mistaken. There are also offshore people, labourers, and similar people using this. It does not just limit to medical personnel. These can be used by anyone who wears PPE too.

Powders, natural chemistries, and skin-softening strategies

Powders, natural chemistries, and skin-softening strategies
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Some people working in the medical field find a dab of peppermint oil on the back of the neck creates a cooling sensation. Thermoreceptors in the skin are able to sense a cooling sensation created by the menthol in peppermint. Topical usage of peppermint oil generates a long-lasting cooling effect on the wearer’s skin.

Body powders, where it is made to absorb moisture, can help maintain a dry feeling on your skin. This is especially accommodating in areas where clothing can cause skin chaffing. Basic corn-starch-based powders are the most popular. Some powders come with additional ingredients such as powdered slippery elm, ground cocoa butter, kaolin clay, arrowroot rice powder, tapioca starch or baking soda.

Some products are also labelled as vegan. There are also powder products that come with calamine to reduce skin friction.  Some powders contain antifungal ingredients to reduce the problem of a fungal dermatitis outbreak.

Medical personnel are also adopting two other strategies to tackle excessive perspiration. Natural mineral ammonium salt sticks have been used for many years as a natural deodorant that has antimicrobial and astringent properties. After washing, the hard stone is rubbed across your wet skin surface, then dry. While it is not specifically formulated for cooling, some use FiteBac. FiteBac is a silicone-based hand sanitiser to create a smooth-feeling skin surface that fights chaffing. Since skin pathogens thrive in warm, moist environments, FiteBac’s exclusive antimicrobial properties help kill microbes for up to four hours.

Keeping Your Head Cool

Keeping Your Head Cool
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While scientists have refuted the idea that we lose more heat from our head, most of us have never covered our hair for work purposes. Currently, there is one more reason that we feel hot. Scrub caps or bouffant hair coverings come in all kinds of fabrics. Some people find a larger size improves heat dissipation. While others are donning damp caps, taking benefit of the cooling effect as the moisture evaporates. Some medical personnel wet their hair before putting on a cap and allow Mother Nature to help them stay cool.

Conclusion

The bottom line is that there are so many ways of keeping yourself cool when wearing PPE. Above are some of the common types of cooling PPE you can currently find available from suppliers. Although the majority seems to favour medical personnel more, it does not mean you cannot use it with non-medical PPE. You can use cooling pads when you wear coveralls. However, it’s the matter of whether if there are cooling cabinets or refrigerators available where you are located.

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How The Latest PPE Cooling Technology Can Help Its Wearers

Cooling technology for PPE has been around for ages. The very same cooling technology for PPE has been the subject of research for many scientists. It is no myth that wearing PPE does make the wearer feel uncomfortable and hot. To reduce some of that heat, researchers and scientists are trying to find ways to reduce it. That is why they came up with cooling technology for PPE.

Scientists and researchers have come up with various ways to help wearers feel less heaty and more comfortable while at work. For many years, these researchers and scientists have come up with creative ways and ideas to help alleviate the heat. In this article, we will talk about cooling technology in PPE and what has been done.

Heat Risks In PPE Items

Heat Risks In PPE Items tkr engineering
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One of the common problems faced by PPE wearers is a heat-related illness. Heat-related illnesses are usually caused by working in high temperatures, high humidity or direct sun for a long period of time.

A lot of outdoor workers suffer from heat-related illnesses every year. On top of that, many workers die from heat-induced illnesses from PPE each year. In just 2010 alone, 30 workers who wear PPE died from heatstroke.

In heaty environments, the body releases excess heat to maintain a stable internal temperature. The human body does so by circulating blood to the skin and through sweating. If your body cannot get rid of the excess heat, it will store it. Furthermore, your body’s core temperature rises and the heart rate increases.

When your body continues to store heat, you will begin to lose concentration and have problems focusing on a task. You may even become irritable or sick, and may often loses the desire to drink water. It can then follow by fainting and even death. Those can happen if the person does not cool down fast enough (OSHA Fact Sheet).

Heat stress can lead to many different conditions. It can include, but not limited to:

  • Heat stroke
  • Or heat exhaustion
  • Heat syncope
  • Or heat cramps
  • Heat rash

Prevention of heat stress in your employees and ground workers is definitely important (CDC Heat Stress).

How Heat Risks in PPE Are Reduced

How Heat Risks in PPE Are Reduced tkr engineering
Images via Pixabay

There are quite a few ways PPE heat can be reduced. For example, cooling vests can provide a cool layer close to the skin that readily absorbs body heat. It helps keep the wearer’s body temperatures within a safe range. Lower body temperatures can lead to less water and electrolyte loss via sweating. Generally, cooling vests can preserve safe body temperatures, which helps decreases the risk of heat illness.

Back in 1988, the NAVY carried out a study of cooling vests including one that uses frozen gel packs. This particular vest was tested through several channels that include:

  • Rectal and skin temperature
  • Heart rate
  • Oxygen uptake
  • Sweat rate

During the employees’ work activities in hot environments, the vest showed people how it is kept all parameters at statistically significant lower thresholds than the usual controls. However, the vests only preserved their veracity for about two hours before having to replace the gel packs with new frozen ones (Pimental, 1992).

Other Related Researches

Another more recent research study completed in 2008 tested the effects of multiple personal cooling equipment devices. It was carried out on the alleviation of heat strain in high-temperature work areas. There were up to at least 8 testing conditions:

  • The control (wearing no cooling products)
  • Neck cooling scarf “A”
  • Neck cooling scarf “B”
  • Frozen gel-pack brimmed hat
  • Cooling vest
  • Various combinations of these items

Results showed that the rectal temperature was efficiently maintained. At the same time, overall skin temperature and heart rate become more stable when participants wear this personal cooling equipment. The researchers came to the conclusion that the combination of the cooling vest, a cooling scarf, and the brimmed gel-pack cooling hat showed a substantial amount of heat stress elimination. It comes up to a total cooling area of 4.2% of the body surface area as compared to only 3.3% when just a vest was worn (Choi, 2008).

More Research Pertaining to PPE Cooling Technologies

More Research Pertaining to PPE Cooling Technologies tkr engineering
Image via Pixabay

A more recent study shows that cooling collars alone can actually increase the risk. Researchers verified the hypothesis that cooling the neck region can greatly improve exercise ability while working in hot environments. Athletes who also have participated in this very same study completed four running tests inside an environmental chamber.

The same athlete participants wore a cooling-gel collar in the first round of tests. However, not in the second round though. Time to exhaustion, heart rate, rectal temperature, neck skin temperature, rating of perceived exertion, and thermal sensation were used to carry out the measurement. The researchers came to a final decision that the participants who wore the cooling-gel collars are able to exercise 13.5% longer on average before reaching their maximum level of exhaustion. This is due to the cooling collars dampened the perceived levels of thermal strain.

Despite these observations of relief, their extended effort did not reduce rectal temperatures or heart rates. It may potentially increase the risk of heat-related illness (Tyler, 2011).

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Center for Disease Control (CDC), other similar safety government agencies, industry and employee groups agree that working in environments with high temperature and humidity is can be hazardous.  As a result, there have been rules and regulations to lessen and decrease this risk. NIOSH has further stated that management should:

Provide auxiliary body cooling vests or suits for cleaning the sniff (vent), maintenance work, or any other activity that occurs in high heat exposure areas.

What Manufacturers Have To Say

What Manufacturers Have To Say tkr engineering
Image via Pixabay

Manufacturers further state that cooling vests:

Maintains a comfortable temperature even in the most extreme heated environment (by) absorbing heat generated by the wearer.

On top of that, manufacturers claim that cooling vests also offer great relief for all of the clear symptoms of heat stress.

Safety and health experts believe that workers will be less prone to developing heat illness if they use cooling vests while working in hot and humid environment. The manufacturer, RPCM, states that its cool vests will endure thermally stable at 59 °F (15 °C) for hours to help keep body temperature at normal levels. TuffRhino’s evaporative cooling vests help remove body heat for (on average) 5 hours to 10 hours depending on the humidity in the atmosphere.

All MiraCool products use permeable crystals to retain water. Using evaporative cooling methods for up to 2 days before re-soaking the products is suggested.

Conclusion

The bottom line is that PPE manufacturers understand very well that it can generate heat easily. These heats are generally generated via body heat of the wearer. Having said that, there are researchers and scientists have come up with ways to reduce the heat generated and trapped in the wearer’s PPE gears. These researchers and manufacturers have worked together to create PPE that helps with heat reduction, which can further reduce the heat trapped.

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4 Benefits of Structural Steel

And Reasons Why Construction Companies Prefer Steel

Structural steel has provided many benefits and advantages to many societies. We have previously talked about what structural steel is in a couple of articles here and here. According to Bright Hub Engineering, structural steel means:

“Structural steel is a category of steel construction material that is produced with a particular cross-section or shape, and some specified values of strength and chemical composition. Structural steel composition, strength, size, shape, strength, and storage are controlled in most advanced countries. The word structural steel includes a broad variety of low carbon and manganese steels that are used in great numbers for civil and marine engineering applications.”

A lot of structural steels also include smaller quantities of significant additions of other elements. You can expect to see elements such as Niobium, Vanadium, Titanium and Aluminium. These are also known as High Strength Low Alloy or micro-alloyed steels. Structural steels are often made in sections and plate shapes. They are normally used in infrastructures such as bridges, buildings, ships, and pipelines.

Ways That Structural Steel Construction Can Benefit Our Society

Structural Steel has advanced and evolved over the decades to be the building material of choice. It has been the top choice for a lot of things from small residential homes to skyscrapers. When architects make the decision to use structural steel over other materials (for example, concrete or wood), they do so because of steel’s overwhelming benefits. Compare steel to many other materials. It does indeed have more benefits comparably.

Even if concrete has to be utilized as the building material, it benefits a lot from the addition of a structural steel frame. Brick and wood transport with them a distinct aesthetic appeal. However, design flexibility often takes a back seat. For liberty of design, strength of integrity and ease of maintenance, structural steel is your smart choice.

According to Swanton Welding Company, here are some benefits of structural steel.

1. Durability

durability - tkr engineering - miri sarawak malaysia
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Structural Steel is greater in strength and it does not age or rot as quickly as other construction materials. It will then come with a much more developed strength-to-weight ratio (the strength of a material over its density) and tensile strength (ability to withstand stress from tension). You can expect the structural steel will make for a lighter building that needs a less substantial and expensive foundation.

2. Constructability

Constructability - tkr engineering - miri sarawak malaysia
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The strength, stiffness, durability, and ductile properties of structural steel allows it to be fabricated into an infinite variety of shapes. Steel structures are put together by bolting or welding the pieces together on site. They are done so as soon as they are delivered as opposed to concrete. Concrete may take up to several weeks to cure before construction can continue.

Distribution of a building’s density and tension stress among steel beams allows architects more freedom with design space. It also allows the ability to make last-minute changes.

3. Cost-Effectiveness

cost effectiveness - tkr engineering - miri sarawak malaysia
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Standardization and regulatory policies have made structural steel components reliable and convenient to erect after their fabrication. Modernized efficiency transfers to save time and money. It is also an earlier return on investment and condensed interest charges.

Short construction periods also ease less of a disruption to the neighbourhood of the site that is being developed. Settling for structural steel can save the developer money on community relations and government building permits.

Steel prices have also been steadily dropping recently. On the other hand, the metallurgy and steel fabrication industries have witnessed considerable technological developments. Productivity advances in the steel supply chain translate into the that developers have unencumbered access to quality structural steel at a more affordable cost.

4. Safety

safety - tkr engineering - miri sarawak malaysia
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Even though steel is a non-flammable material, the International Building Code requires it to be completely coated in a fire-resistant material. Its strength and integrity become significantly compromised if ever be exposed to fire.

Water-resistant coatings are also prudent in preventing structural steel from corroding. Fire-resistant coatings are usually also water-resistant. Structural steel lacks the absorbency necessary for mould and mildew growth. Steel makes it an ideal choice for residential buildings.

Off-site fabrication and rapid component assembly make structural steel integrally safer to manage at the construction site. Steel is boundlessly recyclable, making it also safe for its surrounding environment.

Conclusion

The bottom line is that structural steel has a few drawbacks. This is especially true when compared to other building materials such as concrete, brick and wood. However, the benefits clearly balance the scales in its favour. The most noteworthy concern once was the steel’s reaction to water and extreme temperatures. However, that problem has been addressed by the industry and regulating organizations. Expect the list of benefits to growing as the use of structural steel endures to proliferate and advances. You should also expect its design and technique continue to be made.

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3 Common Responsibilities of Marine Engineers

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3 Common Responsibilities of Marine Engineers

Maritime Engineers’ Tasks Vary Between Ranks

There are quite a number of marine engineering responsibilities a marine engineer has to see to. As a branch of engineering, marine engineers will see that their responsibilities are as stressful as the other engineering branches.

Marine engineers’ regular tasks usually encompass anything marine and offshore. Therefore, it is normal for marine engineers to be based on offshore rigs and marine vessels. It is also normal to hear about how stressful it is for marine engineers on their jobs. Especially when they have to be based offshore for months around. Having said that, being a marine engineer requires the individual to be mentally and emotionally steady.

Main Responsibilities of Marine Engineers

The common responsibilities of marine engineers are many. Monitoring and maintenance of mechanical systems is one of those main responsibilities. Engineers of varying ranks on board ship is allocated precise machinery and systems for maintenance and monitoring purposes.

Machinery systems are allocated among all engineers. It is the duty of each engineer to make sure that their machinery is running properly at all times. Marine engineers are also needed to look after the machinery on deck.

Here are 3 main responsibilities of a marine engineer.

1. Proper record-keeping and planning maintenance 

Proper record-keeping and planning maintenance 
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The engine room department functions as a team to make sure of the maintenance of all machinery systems is carried out. It has to follow accordingly to the planned maintenance system. Precise and accurate record-keeping of different parameters is carried out for official paperwork and reporting purposes.

2. Fuel oil bunkering 

Marine engineers are also responsible for the transfer of fuel oil to the ship from a bunker station or barge. It is typically the duty of the 4th engineer who also takes regular soundings of the fuel oil tanks. The very same engineer will also have to report it to the chief engineer for planning bunkering procedures.

3. Emergency breakdown and repair

Emergency breakdown and repair
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Marine engineering also teaches the individual how to handle main maintenance and breakdown of machinery systems. This is especially important as these marine engineers will have to handle all of these while at sea. Although marine engineers are expected to be capable of the same, there are times when there may be a need for experts. In such scenarios, marine engineers are needed and advised to work with the experts to repair and resolve the issue.

On top of the above-mentioned duties, a marine engineer on ships is needed to follow all the instructions of the chief engineer. They will also have to listen to the head of the engine room department while they are still on board.

What is the workplace of a Marine Engineer like?

A good lot of a marine engineer’s responsibilities can be performed in their office. However, there are times when sea trials are part of their job responsibilities. Marine engineers may have to spend time aboard a ship to test how the vessel is performing. They will also have to gather information for maintenance. Sometimes, they may have to gather information for an upcoming retrofit.

Marine engineers who concentrate on offshore drilling will often find themselves spending time on the oil rig. When they are there, they will have to oversee and manage maintenance. They may even have to oversee repair efforts involving the rig’s mechanical systems due to their marine engineering responsibilities.

Different Marine Engineer Ranks

Different Marine Engineer Ranks
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There are several marine engineering ranks within the industry. Each of them holds different responsibilities. Here are some of the examples.

a. Chief marine engineer

The chief engineer of the ship is the leader of the technical department of the ship. It is his responsibility to ensure that the engine room machinery functions properly for a smooth voyage. According to the Safety of life at sea (SOLAS) convention (international maritime laws for maritime safety), it is the responsibility of the chief engineer to take care of the safety of maritime professionals working in the engine room.

In the maritime law, it says that the operation of the ship and its equipment should be properly taken care of by the chief engineer. It should satisfy all minimum standards of safety.

There are several duties of the chief maritime engineer. It applies in both emergency and general conditions.

  • The chief maritime engineer should make sure that all the ship’s machinery and equipment are functioning in an efficient manner in order to support safe navigation of the ship.
  • Regular inspections of equipment dealing with ship and personal safety must be carried out by the same chief officer at consistent intervals
  • All items used for pollution prevention has to be frequently checked and tried out for proper working conditions
  • Chief engineer should put down a set of standing orders for each crew member under his overview

Above are some of the common responsibilities of a chief marine engineer.

b. 2nd Engineer

The 2nd engineer offers supreme assistance to the Chief engineer for running the ship efficiently. On top of that, second engineer is also responsible for all the operational engineers and the crew in the engine room. He makes sure and overlooks their personnel safety and routine duties. He also plans the overall maintenance of all the machinery that are located in the engine room of the ship.

Here are some of the common responsibilities of the 2nd marine engineer.

  • Safety of Personnel: Second engineer is in charge of risk assessment, briefing and safety training of the entire engine crew. He will have to pay extra attention especially for the junior engineers and new crew. All the emergency machinery and equipment underSOLAS are also under the overview of the second engineer.
  • Engine Room Management Responsibility: He is the go-to person for managing the engine room staff. At the same time, he has to carry out duties of the engine room. As the assistant to the chief engineer, he will directly report to the chief engineer. He will also become the PIC of the engine room on his absence.
  • Operation and Maintenance of Machinery: The second engineer is also responsible for the maintenance of all the engine room and deck machinery. He also has to overlook all the machineries and safety systems are working safely. The 2nd engineer just has to efficiently take care of it within the provided parameters.

c. Third Engineer

The third marine engineer’s role is quite similar to the second assistant engineer. His role depends on what the 2nd marine engineer does. However, his role is usually in charge of boilers, fuel, auxiliary engines, condensate and feed systems. People can consider him as the third most senior engine officer on board.

At times he may be responsible for fuelling (bunkering). If so, he may hold a valid PIC endorsement for fuel transfer operations. Once again, his precise duties will usually depend upon the type of ship and arrangement of the engine department.

The above ranks are just some of the common ranks of marine engineers on board a vessel. The marine engineering responsibilities (and pay bands) cascades as the seniority of the rank goes.

Conclusion

The bottom line is that the responsibilities of a marine engineer responsibilities is wide and varying. Their main responsibility is to the vessel and its crew members. They ensure that the vessel is in smooth operation and that the crew’s welfare is well taken cared of.

If you ever need engineering services, do not hesitate to contact us.

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Here Are 4 Creative Ways That TKR Engineering Handle Workplace Safety

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4 Ways We Handle Workplace Safety

Safety Where You Work Is Imperative After All

Workplace safety is something that TKR Engineering holds in very high regard. As we often deal with high levels of hazards and similar risks, it is only normal that we have to be ready. At all times. And for a good cause too.

As we have stressed workplace safety more often than not, here are some ways that we handle workplace safety. We made it amusing while taking it seriously.

1. Periodical fire drill practice

Image courtesy to TKR Engineering
Image courtesy for TKR Engineering
Image courtesy to TKR Engineering
Image courtesy for TKR Engineering

Fire breakouts are some of the most common workplace risks. For that very reason, we ensure that our staffs are trained and updated periodically on what to do. Just in case a fire breaks out, our staffs are trained on how to use the fire extinguisher and the fire hose.

Training and practices are done regularly on a monthly basis. Selected staffs are asked to attend for an updated practice.

While training for it, our staffs are also educated on the different kinds of “fire hazards”. They were educated on a variety of fire-related hazards while at it. At the same time, they are also taught what kinds of anti-inflammatory items to use. We made sure that just in case a fire breaks out, our staffs are well-prepared for it.

2. Slip, trip, and fall awareness

slip trip and fall awareness picture tkr engineering malaysia
Image courtesy for TKR Engineering
slip trip fall awareness tkr engineering malaysia image
Image courtesy for TKR Engineering

The slip, trip, and fall awareness occasion are to guide and train our staffs about the “dangers” of slipperiness. Malaysia is a tropical country. It rains a lot here in this South-East Asian nation. It is only “standard procedure” that we take extra precautions in anti-slip and anti-trip falls.

The slip, trip, and fall awareness are just that – bringing awareness to our staffs about the possible problems caused by wetness. We have to make sure that our staffs are careful when it comes to dampness and puddling at our office areas.

We have guided them on the possible ways to reduce or eliminate wetness at our workplace. That way our workplace safety is not compromised.

3. Wearing the correct and proper fitting PPE gears

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

This is by far self-explanatory. Working around hazardous chemicals and dangerous items can be life-threatening. PPE does not necessarily remove or completely protect you from the hazards and dangers. However, staffs are often advised to wear it to reduce any potential bodily harm.

At the same time, we’d also like to mention that it’s strongly advisable for staffs to wear fitting gears. Protective gears that are the right fitting size for you. No one size bigger or one size smaller. It has to be the correct size. PPE is not meant to make you feel too comfortable or look great. It’s meant to prevent and reduce any harm that comes your way.

4. Regular checkup and maintenance of company properties

Regular checkup and maintenance of company properties
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Our HSE staffs regularly check our workplace property for any damages or problems at hand. They ensure that every item, every vehicle, every area is in proper and working conditions. Any damaged vehicles or areas in the office can lead to further deterioration. Further deterioration can lead to possible workplace safety compromise.

Nobody wants to work in an office or area that is surrounded by damages. That is why our HSE staffs are constantly keeping the workplace in check. Anything to keep our workplace safe from potential risks.

Conclusion

Workplace safety definitely means a lot to TKR Engineering. It is something that we do not take lightly. We hold workplace safety in high regards. At the same time, we have taken measures in order to ensure high levels of workplace safety.

If you ever need engineering services, do not hesitate to contact us. We will be ready and more than happy to help.

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