TKR Engineering: Pipeline Engineering

Pipeline Engineering: Quiet But Useful for Offshore Jobs

Pipeline engineering is one of the lesser-known engineering types. However, it’s still needed by a lot of oil and gas sectors (for one).

Pipeline engineering usually means that the pipeline engineer is responsible for visiting the installation site. While on the location of the piping system, they are to survey the land for any irregularities. Following that, they will then analyse the observations as part of their process of creating a system blueprint. In short, piping engineers and piping engineering are creators of a system’s blueprint.

What Projects Are Pipeline Engineering Responsible For?

Pipelines for Oil and Gas sectors
Images via Pixabay

Pipeline engineering is generally responsible for projects that are divided into several particular stages. They usually come from separate sources of cost. The stages include:

  • Pre-engineering
  • Conceptual engineering
  • Detailed engineering
  • Fabrication
  • Construction
  • Operation
  • Abandonment

They are all in a segmented manner, although the different cost aspects are considered. However, the costs linked to activities like conceptual engineering, fabrication, and installation are isolated cases. They are all addressed at varying points of the pipeline engineering life cycle. Also, they are not seen as an integrated basis.

As it is necessary to assess the costs as inter-dependent entities, pipeline engineers have to address the economic aspects of pipelines. Pipeline engineers will have to look into the total costs in the overall life cycle context. Especially when it includes the early stages of conceptual design. When you include the life cycle cost (LCC) as a variable in the pipeline development process, it provides an opportunity to design an economically optimized pipeline.

The good thing about life cycle cost models of decision is that it’s flexible. It is in many ways possible to analyses any aspect of the pipeline engineer system that is designed. For pipeline engineering, this kind of assessment can be used at all levels of design and management. You can use it as a management tool in the assessment in training programs to implement. With such a management tool, you can expect workplace efficiency to increase.

Or its alternative is to have an engineer to work out the most economic method in preventing failure due to corrosion. You can say goodbye to inhibitors and corrosion commonly found in high-quality materials.

Uses in Offshore Operation Facilities

Oil and Gas pipeline engineering
Images via Pixabay and Canva

When it comes to pipeline engineering in offshore operation facilities, people stereotypically think about the recovery of hydrocarbon resources from deep beneath the seabed. They will also consider the installation of large fixed platform structures. That and the laying of pipelines and associated oil/gas transport systems.

Rigid pipelines are generally simple structures distinctive by diameter and wall thickness. It needs the solution of problems relating to uneven foundations and buckling behaviour. Flexible pipeline technology is particularly important. A typical flexible pipe may have many concentric layers of plastic or spirally wound steel fibres. Each layer performing a different function. These structures combine great axial and pressure containment strength. It comes with a high degree of bending flexibility, ideal properties for the risers connecting floating production units to subsea production wells.

Other works for offshore engineers come with the harnessing of wave, current and wind energy. Sometimes it may come with the recovery of minerals from the seabed in shallow or deep water. Whatever the work is, equipment must be designed, built, installed and operated so that it can work reliably, safely and efficiently. It has to function for long periods of time without maintenance, and with limited supervision. This is the challenge that comes with pipeline engineering for offshore purposes.

Pipeline engineering for offshore engineering often have a wide range of knowledge across a range of subjects that include:

  • Structural design
  • Dynamic loading and motion response
  • Construction and quality assurance
  • Materials technology
  • Control engineering
  • Fluid dynamics and reliability
  • Project management skills

They may also need to be able to interact with other specialists such as oceanographers, geologists, divers and shipboard personnel sometimes.


Pipeline engineering is especially imperative for the oil and gas sector and marine industries. These pipeline engineers are often needed to ensure the pipelines are strong enough to withstand sub-sea pressure. They have to ensure that the pipelines under the sea do not cave into deep-sea pressure. Their role is important for that matter.

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TKR Engineering Values Workplace Safety

Our Partnering Company EVOL Technologies Offer Pump Solutions!

We offer metal structure and fabricating services

TKR Engineering Values Workplace Safety

Top-Notch Safety At Our Workplace

TKR Engineering is committed to workplace safety. We never take safety for granted and have always been dedicated to maintaining it at high levels. At the same time, our partner companies, Misarma Enterprise, Misarma Marine, Misarma Supply, Armada Bangsa, EVOL Technologies, and Prokil Pest are equally as committed to workplace safety as we are.

Ways to Uphold Workplace Safety

As TKR Engineering upholds workplace safety to a fault, here are some ways we uphold workplace safety.

1. Wear relevant and proper PPE at all times

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

As we are an engineering firm, we work with the oil and gas sector the most. We ensure that our staffs are to wear the relevant and correct PPE at all times. It is especially imperative that our staffs wear them when working onsite.

Some people tend to feel “uncomfortable” wearing PPE for a myriad of reasons. Reasons ranging from being too hot and stuffy, too tight, or just feel like it’s obtrusive. However, unfortunately, they will still have to keep it on whenever they are working on site.

PPE serves as a protective entity. It was meant to reduce the damage done by the workplace accident. PPE doesn’t prevent workplace accidents; it reduces risks. However, it’s the preventive measure in place and following them that further eliminates the risk of workplace accidents.

2. Have preventive measures in place

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

Wearing and using the correct PPE can only reduce so much risk. However, what enhances workplace safety is the preventive measures put in place. Having staffs follow it accordingly is what matters most.

As soon as these preventive measures are put in place, staffs are advised to observe it accordingly. Every one of our staffs is informed of any preventive measure updates. They will be kept in the loop for any new preventive measures.

3. General workplace training for safety measures

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

For any preventive measures put in place, if there are any needs for staff training, we will make sure of it. Every new staff will be given in-house training of the safety measures observed by TKR Engineering. They will be given hands-on training of our safety rules.

If there are any new and updated safety rules, TKR Engineering will provide the necessary training where needed.


With all that being said, we are proud to have a solid enough workplace safety. We make sure that our staffs are safe while working at our office grounds. TKR Engineering made sure that none of our staffs gets into accidents stemmed from lack of workplace safety. Our HSE personnel made sure of that.

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We provide design and fabrication services

Why you should find EVOL TECHNOLOGIES for your industrial pump solutions!

Have pest problems at your premises? Quick, give Prokil Pest a call now!

EVOL Technology: Pump Solutions for Oil and Gas Sector

Our EVOL Technology branch of the company was formed back in 2018 to specialise in pump solutions. These pump solutions are especially meant for the oil and gas sector mainly. However, it does not mean they do not provide services that needs similar to what we have to offer.

Even though EVOL Technology’s pump solutions are our popular main line of business, they also offer industrial instruments and PPE to sell. When we say “industrial instruments”, we generally refer to items to support and pair up with the pumps.

Here are what the versatile EVOL Technology has to offer.

Pump Solutions

EVOL Pump Solutions
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EVOL Technology provides three kinds of pumps:

  • Air Titan Series (Pneumatic Injection Pump)
  • Neptune Series (Motor-Driven Metering Pump)
  • Tornado Series (Air Operated Diaphragm Pump)

EVOL Technology designs and manufactures three different series of customizable high-quality pumps applicable for many applications used in the oil and gas sector, petrochemical industry, and other related industries. Recognizing our customer’s needs for convenience and product performance, we concentrate on promoting solutions that are quality assured yet cost-effective to solve your problems.

Pump Safety

If you work around pipelines you will know that it requires pumps to function (to an extent). And like every other technology out there, it needs maintenance and repair works from time to time.

It’s very easy to overlook common maintenance works. It’s just as easy to rationalize the fact that it’s not worth the time to regularly inspect and replace faulty parts. Pretty easy to overlook a lot of things when everything is running smoothly, isn’t it?

However, nothing can be further from the truth. The genuineness is that the majority of facilities have several pumps performing a variety of functions that are essential to the successful operation of the plant. If any of the pumps breaks or malfunctions, it can cause the entire plant to shut down.

Pumps are like car engines. They are the cogs in the wheel that keeps your facilities functioning resourcefully. Whether if you choose to use them for manufacturing purposes, HVAC, water treatment, among other industrial uses. If you wish to keep pumps running properly, then you should implement and follow a regular maintenance schedule.

Pump Repair Maintenance: Getting Started

There is, without a doubt, importance in pump repair for your facilities’ overall upkeep. As mentioned before – pumps are like car engines. They are part and parcel to keeping your facilities up and running.

Here are some pump repair and maintenance tasks you should keep track of as a company:

Maintenance Frequency

It’s good to know your system and make it a point to observe your pumpsObserve it while they are in the works – live! Take note of any leaks, unusual sounds, odd vibrations, or funny smells.

Safety First

Ensure that machines are shut down before you do your maintenance. Do it even when you are doing your systems check. Proper isolation is crucial not only for electrical systems but also for hydraulic systems too.

Mechanical Inspection

Here are some things you may need to inspect:

  • Check for secure mounting points
  • Look out for faulty mechanical seal and packing
  • Check for leakages on pump flanges
  • Inspect the couplings
  • Do overall inspection and clean the filters frequently


When it comes to lubricating the motor and pump bearing, follow the manufacturers’ guidelines. Make sure that you don’t over lubricate. If you over-lubricate, you may cause damage to the pumps as a result instead of under-greasing it.

If the bearing has a vent cap, take away the cap and run the pump for 30 minutes. Then re-install cap. This lets the access grease to work its way out of the bearing.

Electrical and Motor Inspection

When it comes to lubricating the motor and pump bearing, follow the manufacturers’ guidelines. Make sure that you don’t over lubricate. If you over-lubricate, you may cause damage to the pumps as a result instead of under-greasing it.

If the bearing has a vent cap, take away the cap and run the pump for 30 minutes. Then re-install cap. This lets the access grease to work its way out of the bearing.

Step 1: Check and make sure that all terminations are tight.

Step 2: Then inspect the motor vents and windings for dust/dirt build-ups. Clean accordingly as per manufacturer’s guidelines.

Step 3: Inspect the starter or contractor for any arcing, overheating, etc.

Step 4: Use a megohmmeter on the windings to check for any insulation failure

Replace Any Damaged Seals

If any seals or O-rings show damages, please replace it immediately. By using a temporary rubber assembly lubricant, it will ensure a skin-tight fit and prevent any leaks or slips.

Pump Repair and Maintenance: When To Replace It?

EVOL Pump Solutions
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Most times people will advise and advocate to get a professional pump specialist to do the pump repairs. However, there are check-ups that you can do yourself to make sure that your pump continues to function in efficiency and reduce the risk of failure.

Submersed pumps are harder for you to assess its condition, as the pump sits below waterlines and out of human sight. In these systems, you can search for any signs of damages to the system. Pay attention to any alarms that your system is sounding. Calling a specialist when you notice damage or warning buzzers can allow you to have your own system repaired before total failure.

If your pump is visible above ground, then you are able to see the warning signs of failing components. Seeing any liquids leaking from the casing and from joints are an indication that the seals have failed.

You may not always be able to see water leaking directly from the pump. However, seeing damp patches, mould, smelling stale water or sewage are important signs that your pump isn’t sealed properly.

If you witness or notice any of the above-mentioned things, call a pump company as soon as possible. Arrange for an inspection and repair service.

Key Takeaway for Pump Solutions

Remember to look at all the conditions of your system and address the consistent operational requirements of preventive maintenance. At the same time, also look for signs of possible future problems to avoid reaching a point of pump system failure. This may be due to pre-existing conditions:

  • Unusual sign of wear
  • Heat generation
  • Lubrication usage
  • Vibrations
  • Pressure
  • Speed
  • Noise
  • Flow
  • Strain
  • Leakage
  • Fugitive emissions
  • Power consumptions

Keeping pumps running successfully in the long run of time needs proper pump design selection, proper installation, careful operation, and the ability to observe changes in performance over time.

Furthermore, if there ever is a failure in the future, the bulk of the investigation of the failure’s cause will be great. Do make sure to take relevant measures to prevent the problem from happening again.

Make sure that your pumps are in good condition so you can avoid frequent pump repair and service. To ensure that you don’t have to experience catastrophic failure in the future, make sure that your pumps are:

  • Properly sized
  • Dynamically balanced
  • Sits on stable foundations with good shaft alignment
  • Proper lubrication
  • Operators to start, run, and stop the pump with care
  • Maintenance crew to observe for unhealthy trends

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EVOL Technology: Instruments

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

EVOL Technology may specialize in pumps, but do you know that they also sell instruments? They design and manufacture their own instruments to facilitate your industrial fluid needs.

Level Gauge

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

Look into their QG Series Level Gauge. Made of high-purity quartz glass tube, meter shell, and explosion-proof valve, it guarantees quality and stability within its vicinity. It takes advantage of light refraction and reflection laws when displaying the level. It makes the indication level more visible.

Bi-Color Quartz Glass

Our level gauge’s tube is made with quartz glass and stainless steel. By using each material makes the instrument excellent tools for extreme operational conditions. The gauges come with easy installation and maintenance. It translates into the material being cost-effective and a common sight among many sight glass applications.

Integral Block Bleed Valve

EVOL Technology have made 2 kinds of integral block and bleed valves:

  • SB Series Single Block and Bleed Valve
  • DB Series Single Block and Bleed Valve

Both are designed to achieve positive sealing in a most solid design. They are available in stainless steel, carbon, alloy, and polymers to accommodate moderate to severe usages.

Injection Quills and Sampling Probes

Want to inject chemicals and other substances into the valves? EVOL Technology have the right injection quills and sampling probes just for you.

Pulsation Dampener

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

EVOL Technologies’ bladder type pulsation dampener offers the most effective solution to reduce or eliminate pressure levels and complete system shock on any pump discharge.

Say goodbye to destructive pulsation and hydraulic shock in your pumps!

Chemical Hose

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

EVOL Technology’s in-house UHMW-PE chemical hose is specifically made to safely and reliably transfer a wide variety of acids and chemicals. Their chemical-resistant tubing with its high flexibility makes it effective in handling a vast range of corrosive liquids even under extreme pressure and temperature.

Ensuring Workplace Safety With PPE

Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

Looking for PPE supplier? Perhaps you are looking for PPE for industrial uses. Coveralls. Visors. Gloves. Boots. Helmets. You name it, EVOL Technology will get you covered. Legitimately covered – from head to toe!

Avoid getting into unnecessary accidents at the workplace by wearing the correct kinds of PPE. Protect yourself and your staffs by using the right kinds of PPE gears. Getting into needless workplace accidents is the last thing you want.


Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

Need PPE coveralls? EVOL Technology have just what you are looking for. Avoid getting splashed by harmful chemicals and other liquids. Don’t let the harmful chemicals eat into your bare skin with the help of EVOL Technology’s PPE coveralls.

EVOL Technology can provide you with coveralls that are breathable and comfortable to wear. Let’s not allow harmful chemicals from damaging your skin. It’s definitely not something people will want.


Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

Protect your valuable eyes from harmful dust, chemicals, sparks, and other dangerous elements. Avoid getting blind by exposing your eyes to harmful elements. Wear PPE visors to prevent unneeded optic accidents at your workplace.


Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

The head is probably one of the most important parts of your human body. We are pretty sure that you do not want your head getting smashed by heavy falling objects. PPE helmets may not be able to help prevent deaths or major damages to your head and your body. However, it can help reduce any damages to your head.


Getting your hands and fingers sawed off is definitely a gruesome affair. To avoid such grisly affair, get yourself PPE gloves to help protect your precious hands. We are sure you do not want missing fingers on your hands. That can be a handful to deal with.


PPE boots are made to protect your feet from any heavy objects or chemical spillages. Your regular fashion boots will not make the cut. This is mostly because they are not made of the same material that PPE boots are.

Get yourselves your PPE boots with us. Avoid having heavy objects falling on your feet and subsequently crushing it. Prevent chemical spillages from harming your feet. Avert any possibilities of accidentally stepping on sharp objects lying carelessly around the worksite.


Image copyright for TKR Engineering
Image copyright for TKR Engineering

Ever need anything from EVOL Technology? Reach out to EVOL Technology via:

Official Websites:

Address: Lot 2075, Jalan Disa, Krokop,98000 Miri Sarawak

Telephone: +085 416 320 / 433 101

Fax: +085 433 801


Working Hours: Mondays to Fridays – 8am to 5pm; Saturdays – 8am to 12pm

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Metal Structure Design and Fabrication Services Available

Find Us For Metal Structure Design and Fabrication Services! (Miri Based)

It is at no big surprise that here at TKR Engineering we provide metal structure design and fabrication services. Metal structure design and fabrication services are an important part of civil engineering. It is one of our services that we are really proud of providing for our client base.

We have previously touched on metal structure design and fabrication before. Structural steel fabrication is a process used by civil engineers when it comes to building constructions. The process includes bending, cutting, and shaping steel to make a steel product. Fabricated structural steel is not your regular kind of welding where the steel is strengthened and repaired. That’s not what steel fabrication is meant to do. It simply means that engineers use several pieces of steel are combined together to form different structures of pre-established shapes and sizes.

Not every engineer is skilled in structural steel fabrication. The process of structural steel fabrication needs well-trained and experienced technicians who are able to take raw elements and turn them into marketable products. You may really need help and assistance from structural steel fabricators at home. Especially when let’s say, you want to build a staircase made of structural steel.

Here at TKR Engineering, we focus on three (3) basic steps. Here they are:

  • Design Process
  • Steel Structure Fabrication
  • Blasting and Painting Work

Read on to find out how we handle each step here.

Design Process

Design Process - Metal Structure Design and Fabrication Services Available - tkr engineering
Images via Canva

This is the very first step in metal structure design and fabrication services. This is where we come up with the building structure’s blueprint and planning.

Step 1 – Ideation

The ideation stage can be as creative or as standard as the client wants it to be. When you team up with a fabricator who provides custom structural steel solutions, you have the freedom to order unique pieces that are specific to your project. Whether you need beautiful, handcrafted ornamental rails or straightforward caged ladders, a custom fabricator can stick to your exact needs.

Step 2 – Blueprint or Drawing Creation

During the ideation stage, your vendor will listen to you and draw up blueprints using specialized engineering software. You can come prepared with your own blueprints or drawings for this stage too if you wish. Review your vendor’s blueprints to authenticate correct requirements, code compliance, and specifications.

Step 3 – Convert Blueprints into Building Drawings

Your vendor will convert project blueprints into building drawings for the completion of the order. The building drawings and plans will follow the logistics of your project, such as deadlines and budget. Shop drawings are what the manufacturer uses to bring the blueprints to life.

Step 4 – Cut and Drill Steel Beams

The vendor will usually have special tools, such as saws, shears, lasers, punches, notches, and plasmas to cut and drill the steel beams according to project blueprints. Engineering companies can use tools such as the Ficep 1003 DDVD VanGuard Drill Line for this stage of the process. This advanced equipment produces higher quality results and are usually faster.

Step 5 – Piece Etching

Your vendor will engrave each piece with a unique part number and plate location. This makes the final assembly on site fast, convenient, and accurate. It also helps eliminate any costly mix-ups and project delays.

Step 6 – Component Assembly

As soon as your vendor finishes cutting and forming the components of your project, the team will weld and assemble the pieces. During this stage, the fabrication team will check regularly to ensure all pieces assemble correctly and match order specifications.

Step 7 – Custom Part Machination

If you request any custom metal fabrication, your vendor will create custom parts during this stage. Custom parts are superlative when you need components to fit a specific structure or product. You may need custom part machination if standard looks or sizes aren’t appropriate for your project, either in function or aesthetics.

Step 8 – Complete Assembly

Your organisation will complete a full assembly of your project, if possible. In some cases, the partial assembly may be applicable. Complete assembly ensures all parts of the order are present and working well. Changes at this stage are quite rare and only occur if there has been a mistake in one of its previous steps.

Step 9 – Shipping Preparation

After a successful complete assembly, the team will disassemble the project and prepare mechanisms for either finishing or direct shipment. Your organisation should do this as quickly and efficiently as possible, packing the components in a way that makes project erection at the site easy.

Step 10 – Component Finishing

If you request special paint, powder coat, sandblasting, or another finish, your organisation will apply this last. Industrial assemblies often need a certain finish to comply with federal regulations and compliance codes. Your vendor should have some of the latest technology to apply the finish of your option with ease and finesse.

Step 11 – Project Ships to Site

At this point, your project should be complete! Your vendor will follow your previously agreed-upon shipping procedure, sending your completed, disassembled components directly to your site location. Ask for tracking details to make sure that your project arrives on time.

Step 12 – Erection of Final Project

As soon as the components arrive, your construction team erects the final project. Your vendor will have made assembly easy, with manufactured components that fit together with minimal labour needed.

Steel Structure Fabrication

Steel Structure Fabrication - Metal Structure Design and Fabrication Services Available
Images via Canva

After the design process comes the structure fabrication part. We have invested in high tech CNC types of machinery to increase production efficiency, productivity, and accuracy in structural steel products fabrication. At the same time, we also own a CNC machine, high-tech drilling machine, plasma cutting machine, arc welding machine, and software for drawing.

Some manufacturing workers like their jobs mega-sized. Structural metal fabricators and fitters build enormous metal objects, from tanks and water towers to frames for buildings and bridges. Though the projects may be massive, the work is quite precise.

Following blueprints or drawings, they come up with patterns to build metal parts. They use a wide array of hand, electric, and hydraulic tools to align and fit parts to specifications. They also use special machinery to cut the metal into the needed pieces or plates. Other equipment is used to punch, roll, or straighten the pieces before they are put together.

After defining the sequence of tasks needed to fit all the parts together, they weld, bolt, or nail the units to assemble parts into a whole. They may operate hoists or cranes to move big parts. Fabricators and fitters often work indoors in huge, loud environments. Installation at outdoor construction sites may need work in extreme temperatures.

Common Process of Metal/Steel Structure Fabrication

Fabrication is a term used for several different methods of operating metals into different shapes. Metal fabrication is the process of turning the raw materials such as metals or alloys like structural steel into determined shapes. Those shapes are for assembling to erect a custom prefabricated building to meet the demands of any commercial and industrial projects. Metal fabrication helps bring any kind of customisation in a prefabricated building. Here are some different fabrication processes or systems usually used by engineering firms.


Cutting is one of the most common process in the fabrication process. The raw material such as structural steel is taken and split into the needed amount (halves, thirds, or smaller sections). The most primogenital method to cut the raw materials is using a saw. However, now there are new methods such as powerful corded drills, plasma, water jets, or laser cutters, to slice the metals and create new shapes out of the raw materials.


This is a kind of fabrication process that involves removing the excess material until the final anticipated shape is achieved. There are many machining types, such as:

  • Drilling– It involves the process of making cylindrical holes in a metal piece using a drill bit.
  • Turning– It involves the removal of extra material from a workpiece that is spun by the lathe.
  • Milling– It involves the use of a revolving cutting surface comprised of several blades that create non-circular holes or unique designs in a workpiece.


The process of punching involves the development of holes in a piece of metal. That piece of metal is placed under the die and acquiesced by a punch-through by a drill. The circumference of the drill must slot appropriately through the die to get the correct size of the punch. Sometimes the holes are used to fasten while other times the portion detached is the needed product (blanking).


Shearing is a process where the metal sheet needs a long cut. In some cases, the sheet is applied horizontally via a metal-cutting machine. In some cases, a cutting tool is applied vertically against the length of the metal sheet. It is usually applied to trim down the edge of a metal sheet.


Folding is a complex process in metal fabrication where a metal surface is wrought to shape to a certain angle. The purpose of folding metal is to offer a blunt surface to the metal surface. Folding is performed in facilities that are equipped with specific and high-tech equipment due to the complex process.


Stamping helps to convert the flat metal sheeting into different shapes. Although the process is similar to the process of punching, stamping does not cut the material. Stamping uses the die that causes the material to be raised instead of cutting the metal. For example, metal stamping is used on coins where you get to see the words, currency amounts, and face of presidents stamped on it.

The fabrication processes are the most common processes used during prefabricated building construction. The option of the fabrication process depends on the needs of a particular application and will often vary especially when you require customised prefabricated solutions.

Blasting And Painting Works

Blasting and Painting Works - Metal Structure Design and Fabrication Services - TKR Engineering
Images via Canva

Blasting and painting works is the third and final part of the metal structure design and fabrication process.

Blasting is the operation of forcibly pushing a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface. It can also help to roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface, or remove surface contaminants. A pressurized fluid, usually compressed air, or a centrifugal wheel is used to propel the blasting material (often called the media).

There are several types of the process, using various media; some are highly abrasive, whereas some others are milder. The most abrasive ones are shot blasting (with metal shot) and sandblasting (with sand). Moderately abrasive types include glass bead blasting (with glass beads) and media blasting with ground-up plastic stock or walnut shells and corncobs.

The milder version is soda-blasting (with baking soda). At the same time, there are alternatives that are barely abrasive or nonabrasive, such as ice blasting and dry-ice blasting. We have an in-house painting specialist team to ensure top blast and paint quality in the market that complies with the major Oil & Gas industry standard requirements.


These are the metal structure design and fabrication steps we take. If you ever need metal structure design and fabrication services, we are more than happy to help. We are mainly based in Miri, Sarawak (East Malaysia), but we do have offices based in Bintulu, Sarawak and Kuala Lumpur. If you ever need metal structure design and fabrication services, do not hesitate to contact us.

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New Service in Town: Prokil Pest (Pest Control Service)

Prokil Pest: Exterminate The Pests!

An All-Rounder Pest Control Site To Solve Your Pest Problems!

Prokill Pest Homepage
Image taken from Prokil Pest’s Official Website

We have recently launched Prokil Pest – our latest business venture into the pest control industry. Anyone who has any remote experience with pest and vermin will know what a nuisance they are. Having said that, we are here with Prokil Pest and its pest control services.

Prokil Pest specializes in providing a full spectrum of pest management solutions to a series of industries and businesses. We adhere to the global standard and are recognized by Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia.

Services Provided

Pest Extermination
Images via Pixabay

Here are some of the pest control services we provide:

General Pest Control

Prokil Pest applies the latest & most effective techniques including spraying of approved chemicals, traps/trays, application of gel baits and other forms of baiting systems. We choose the products that pose the most minimal risk and special care. We pay great attention to minimize any possible adverse effect that may impact the environment.

Termite Removal

Many termite species can do significant damage to unprotected buildings and other wooden structures. Their habit of remaining concealed often results in their presence going undetected until the timbers are severely damaged. We at Prokil Pest provide an effective termite treatment to get rid of these pests, putting the worries of your properties and assets to rest.

Fogging Services

Fogging is a technique used for killing insects that involves using a fine pesticide spray. The pesticide is directed by a blower. Our team at Prokil Pest are well-equipped and are ready to provide fogging services at a moment’s notice.

Pre-Construction Soil Treatment

Before organizations start on their construction, they’d clear their lands for soil treatment. Some area of lands used to be home to pests. Sometimes the lands cleared for new buildings used to be rubber tree or palm oil plantation. It may have previously been infested by termites and other pests.

In order to prevent the land from further infestation, construction companies will need to disinfect and decontaminate the area.

Signs of Pest Infestations

Here are some signs of possible infestation at your perimeters. Check for these signs yourself, or you may find one of our representatives to determine it for you.

Mub tubes – “roads” and “hives’ made by termites that have infested your perimeter.

Termite Swarmers – Not necessarily limited to termites, as it can also include other types of flying insects – ants for example. They may not survive enough in numbers to form a new colony, as most will die after a short amount of time (usually a few hours). However, it may re-occur again sometime in the future.

Wood Damage – This is a very obvious sign of termite infestation. You can see your wooden items (tables, cabinet, wardrobes, etc.) get eaten by termite. It can be rendered useless in the future.

Termite Frass – This is the wood remnant taken by the termites. They will usually use it to create mub tubes, termite colonies, and similar colonial homes.

Termite mounts – you can commonly find these in your gardens. However, you can also find them within enclosed compounds and other well-drained areas. The mounds are usually made of dirt and other natural elements.

Live Termites – they tend to boldly appear wherever they are not wanted. You can spot their presence by seeing small new holes in walls, discoloured or drooping drywall, buckling of wooden or laminated floors, and so on.

How To Get Started With Prokil Pest’s Services

Step 1 – Call us for an inspection date. We can book a day and time to come and inspect your infected area. Don’t worry as the inspection session is totally free.

Step 2 – As soon as we have arrived at your infected location, we will inspect and evaluate the infected area. We will access what kind of infestation it is, and what mode of treatment it’ll need.

Step 3 – As soon as we have determined the cause of infection, we will proceed with the treatment as agreed.

Step 4 – Upon completion, we will wrap up the treatment session.

Step 5 – If there are any re-infestations in the near future, contact us again for another inspection date (repeat from step 1).

How To Reach Prokil Pest

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You are able to reach Prokil Pest via the following:

Official Website:

Address: Lot 2075, Jalan Disa, Krokop, 98000, Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia


Telephone Number: +6085 416 320 / +6085 433 101

Office Hours: Mondays to Fridays – 8am to 5pm; Saturdays – 8am to 12pm

Or you may reach them via their Facebook page here.

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Common Types of Engineering You Can Find

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There are a huge variety of engineering you can find. Different types of engineering usually provide different kinds of services in different sectors. In all its essence, engineering basically means:

Engineering is the application of science and math to solve problems. Engineers figure out how things work and find practical uses for scientific discoveries. Scientists and inventors often get the credit for innovations that advance the human condition, but it is engineers who are instrumental in making those innovations available to the world.

Source: Live Science

We live on a planet that is filled with different kinds of engineering. It’s pretty telling as buildings require civil engineering. Boats and marine vessels require some form of mechanical engineering and marine engineering. Cars require mechanical engineering as much as roads require civil engineering. The things we use on a daily basis require some form of engineering.

Here are some of the most common engineering types you can find:

  • Mechanical engineering
  • Electrical engineering
  • Civil engineering
  • Chemical engineering
  • Industrial engineering
  • Marine engineering

There are many more kinds of engineering that you can find. Each engineering serves their respective fields accordingly. Some engineering types are needed more than the others. Whereas some others do not.

Common Types of Engineering

TKR Types of Engineering
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Let’s have a look at some of the most common, if not more popular kinds of engineering.

Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is perhaps the most popular and common engineering types you can ever find.

TKR Engineering is one of the engineering firms in Miri that provides civil engineering services. Civil engineering is definitely one of the most common engineering services you can find. Many industries need civil engineering for various reasons.

You can find industries that commonly need civil engineers and their services. Especially in the oil and gas sector, construction sector, and many more. It’s one of the most sought-after engineering categories across many industries.

However, keep in mind that the supply and demand of each engineering categories differ from country to country. It also depends on the supply and demand internationally, regionally, and locally. That means, sometimes there may be a spike in needing a civil engineer. Some other time, the country or region may not need any civil engineers at all.

What Do Civil Engineers Usually Do?

Civil engineering is not all about fancy buildings. Although it’s true that civil engineers are responsible for some of the most jaw-dropping infrastructures in the world. Infrastructures such as the Sydney Opera House, The Shard, among other famous landmarks.

However, civil engineering is also about maintaining and adapting the infrastructure that we use on a daily basis – our roads, railways and bridges; energy and water supply; waste networks and flood defences. Civil engineers have to maintain those infrastructures running effectively and adapt it to meet challenges, such as population growth, climate change and natural disasters.

They must also find creative ways to deliver the infrastructure as needed when there is little money in the bank to pay for it. In simple words, civil engineers have to come up with solid solutions to complex problems and implement them accordingly. They literally shape the planet we live in. There are many different specializations within civil engineering, including environmental, structural, municipal, transport and geotechnical.

There are two kinds of civil engineering within the various specialisms:

  • Civil engineering consultants who emphasise on design work and generally spend more time in the office or working with their clients.
  • Civil engineer contractors who are more involved with keeping an eye on the physical construction and are usually based on-site.

Both are challenging environments, and all civil engineers are needed to be innovative and logical individuals. Other indispensable attributes civil engineers need include: creativity, versatility, a problem-solving mind, and the ability to understand the bigger picture and to cooperate with a number of other professionals.

Characteristics of Civil Engineering

Civil engineers need a broad skill set. One of the most critical rudiments to succeeding is project management. Some plans can be drawn in relative remoteness; however, it is bringing plans to life that needs a team. A civil engineer is the leader of such a team. Where team members’ individual work encounters with that of others, the civil engineer makes sure it all fits together.

All the skills that have to be taken to any project have to be applied to public works projects. Civil engineers hold others accountable while making sure that a public works project is completed on time, on budget and up to quality expectations.

Civil engineers are supposed to be great problem solvers. When documented plans do not go hand in hand with reality, civil engineers will then devise solutions that keep within a project’s framework. They answer questions about the ongoing project when those performing parts of the project need clarification.

Skills That Civil Engineers Need

The ability of advanced mathematics is essential to civil engineering. Geometry and calculus are clear necessities. For obvious reasons, computer programs can solve equations in a matter of a few seconds. However, civil engineers must know what those figures entail and apply them to plans. Laymen and regular people outside the core group working on a public works project do not understand these mathematical areas to the extent any civil engineers do. However, those who make conclusions about a public works project’s direction understand business math.

Civil engineers offer cost estimates and devise budgets. They need acceptance from decision-makers on the finance side of things. This is so that they can actually put their geometry and calculus skills to creative use.

Engineering projects often have many governmental units involved. Work on an interstate highway can involve entities in federal, state and local governments. On some projects, there can be more than one government organization that provides financial support.

Designated officials and public administrators pay more attention to projects they support financially than to those merely occurring in their geographical proximity. For example, a city council is aware of road projects going on in the county, however, they are involved in road projects within the city limits.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Miri
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One of the most miscellaneous and versatile engineering fields, mechanical engineering is the study of objects and systems in motion. That being said, the field of mechanical engineering touches virtually on every aspect of modern life, including the human body.

The role of a mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to the market. To achieve this, the mechanical engineer must be able to determine the forces and thermal environment that the product, its parts, or its sub-systems will experience. They are to design them for functionality, aesthetics, and durability. Mechanical engineers also have to determine the best manufacturing approach that will ensure operation without catastrophe.

Mechanical engineers play important roles in a wide range of industries including the following:

  • Automotive
  • Aerospace
  • Biotechnology
  • Computers
  • Electronics
  • Microelectromechanical systems
  • Energy conversion
  • Robotics and automation
  • Manufacturing

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) currently lists up to 36 different technical divisions, from advanced energy systems and aerospace engineering to solid-waste engineering and textile engineering.

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The breadth of mechanical engineering chastisement allows students a variety of career choices beyond the industries listed above. Regardless of the precise path, they envisage for themselves, a mechanical engineering education authorizes students with creative thinking skills to design an exciting product or system. They have analytical tools to attain their design goals. They also have the ability to overcome all restrictions. At the same time, they also have the teamwork needed to design, market, and yield a system. These valuable skills can be used to launch careers in many other fields, such as medicine, law, consulting, management, banking, and finance.

What Exactly is Mechanical Engineering?

Technically, mechanical engineering is the application of the principles and problem-solving techniques from design to manufacturing to the marketplace for any object. Mechanical engineers assess their work using the principles of motion, energy, and force, making sure that designs function safely, efficiently, and reliably, all at a competitive cost.

Mechanical engineers do make a difference. That’s because of mechanical engineering careers centre around creating technologies to meet your everyday human needs. Virtually every product or service in modern society has probably been touched in some way by a mechanical engineer to help us. This includes solving today’s problems and creating future resolutions in health care, energy, transportation, space exploration, climate change, and more.

Being deep-seated in many challenges and innovations across many fields means a mechanical engineering education is versatile. To meet this broad request, mechanical engineers may design a module, a machine, a system, or a process. This ranges from the macro to the micro, from the largest systems like cars and satellites to the smallest components like sensors and switches. Anything that requires to be manufactured – anything with moving parts – needs the knowledge of a mechanical engineer.

What Do They Do?

Mechanical engineering syndicates creativity, knowledge and analytical tools to complete the difficult task in shaping an idea into realism. This alteration happens at a personal scale, affecting human lives on a level we can reach out and touch like robotic prosthetic devices. It happens on a resident scale, affecting people in community-level spaces, like with nimble unified microgrids. And it happens on much larger scales, like with advanced power systems, through engineering that operates nationwide or across the planet.

Mechanical engineers have a massive range of opportunity and their education reflects this breadth of subjects. Students concentrate on one area while consolidating analytical and problem-solving skills applicable to any engineering situation.

Disciplines within mechanical engineering include the following:

  • Acoustics
  • Aerospace
  • Automation
  • Automotive
  • Autonomous Systems
  • Biotechnology
  • Composites
  • Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
  • Control Systems
  • Cybersecurity
  • Design
  • Energy
  • Ergonomics
  • Human health
  • Manufacturing and additive manufacturing
  • Mechanics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Production planning
  • Robotics
  • Structural analysis

Technology itself has also shaped how mechanical engineers’ function and the suite of tools have grown quite powerful in recent years. Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is a broad term that covers anything from typical CAD methods to computer-aided manufacturing to computer-aided engineering, involving limited element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). These tools and others have additionally broadened the horizons of mechanical engineering.

A Career in Mechanical Engineering

lifting equipment suppliesSociety pretty much depends on mechanical engineering. The need for this knowledge is great in so many fields and there is no real limit for the freshly graduated mechanical engineer. Jobs are often in demand, particularly in the automotive, aerospace, electronics, biotechnology, and energy businesses.

In statics, research focuses on how forces are spread to and throughout a structure. As soon a system is in motion, mechanical engineers look at subtleties, or what speeds, accelerations and resulting forces come into play. Kinematics then scrutinizes how a mechanism behaves as it moves through its range of movement.

Resources science delves into defining the best materials for different usages. A part of that is its strength, which is indispensable for many construction, automobile, and medical materials.

How energy gets transformed into useful power is the heart of thermodynamics, as well as determining what energy is lost in the procedure. One specific kind of energy, heat transfer, is crucial in many usages and need gathering and analysing temperature data and deliveries. Fluid mechanics, which also has a diversity of applications, look at many properties including pressure reduction from fluid flow and aerodynamic drag forces.

Manufacturing is an imperative step in mechanical engineering. Within the field, researchers examine the best processes to make manufacturing more effectual. Laboratory methods focus on refining how to measure both thermal and mechanical engineering products and processes. At the same time, machine design grows equipment-scale processes while electrical engineering focuses on circuitry. All this equipment provides vibrations, another field of mechanical engineering, in which researchers find out how to predict and control vibrations.

Engineering economics makes mechanical designs pertinent and usable in the real world by guesstimating manufacturing and life cycle costs of materials, designs, and other engineered products.

Skills Needed for Mechanical Engineering

The core of engineering is problem-solving. With this at its core, mechanical engineering also needs applied creativity – a hands-on understanding of the work involved. All that along with strong interpersonal skills like networking, leadership, and conflict organization. Creating a product is only part of the calculation; knowing how to work with people, ideas, data, and economics completely make a mechanical engineer.

Key Takeaway for Mechanical Engineering

Breakthroughs in materials and analytical tools have made way for new frontiers for mechanical engineers. Nanotechnology, biotechnology, amalgams, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and acoustic engineering have all extended the mechanical engineering toolbox.

Nanotechnology allows for the engineering of materials on the tiniest of scales. With the ability to design and manufacture down to the rudimentary level, the likelihoods for objects grows immensely. Composites are another area where the operation of materials allows for new manufacturing opportunities. By uniting materials with different characteristics in ground-breaking ways, the best of each material can be employed and new answers found for different types of engineering.

CFD provides mechanical engineers with the opportunity to study multifaceted fluid flows analysed with procedures. This allows for the modelling of circumstances that would previously have been impossible. Acoustical engineering inspects vibration and sound, providing the opportunity to decrease noise in devices and increase competence in everything from biotechnology to architecture.

Marine Engineering

Marine engineering with TKR ENgineering
Images Via Pixabay

Marine engineering is perhaps one of the less-talked-about engineering categories. However, that does not mean it does not exist as types of engineering. A lot of people may think that marine engineering isn’t as important or common as some other engineering categories. Well, they are obviously wrong when it comes to different types of engineering!

Marine engineering has played many vital and substantial roles across many sectors. We are here to enlighten you on what marine engineering is, and what it is for. Read on to find out what it is.

Why You Need Marine Engineers

Marine engineers are people who make and repair boats, underwater crafts, offshore platforms, and drilling equipment. They also design, build, and test ships, boats, and other marine entities.

At the same time, it is normal for them to work closely with naval architects to design small yachts, fishing boats, submarines, and aircraft carriers.

They may sometimes even have to work closely with ocean engineers. In quick summary, marine engineering is a lot like ocean engineering, but with a mix of other engineering types. It is a combination of classical engineering types like civil engineering, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering. What separates marine engineers is their ability to solve complicated problems. These include hydrodynamics, marine acoustics, offshore engineering, marine robotics and naval architecture.

Common Skills Used By Marine Engineers

Marine engineers are expected to know and learn a wide range of skills to stay relevant in the market. Here are some of the core skills your typical marine engineer should have:

  • Science
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Math
  • IT skills (so they can use AutoCAD design software)
  • Soft skills that are good for marine engineers to have to stay in their field:
  • Problem-solving
  • Communication
  • Time management
  • Leadership

Where Do Marine Engineers Usually Work At?

upstream downstream oil and gas industry
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Marine Engineers stereotypically work offshore – oilrigs and ships mostly. That stereotype may be true, but it doesn’t mean that there are no offshore jobs for them. Here are some common marine engineering jobs you can find:

  • Merchant vessels
  • Navy vessels where you are able to combine your naval career with your technical experiences
  • Shipping equipment manufacturers
  • Oil industries

People generally can understand that not everyone wants to work offshore. To some people, going offshore is a complete put off to them. That being said, here are some onshore jobs that marine engineers can work at:

  • Hotels that have sea vessels in their services
  • Government organizations
  • Shipping companies
  • Training other marine engineers
  • Marine engineering firms
  • Boatbuilders

Key Takeaway For Marine Engineering

Marine engineering is an important aspect of engineering. It may not be the most popular aspect but still is important nonetheless. Its salary is relatively high, albeit not as high as what some other types of engineering.

The demand for marine engineering isn’t exactly as popular or high. Compared to civil engineering and mechanical engineering, marine engineering is moderate in demands. However, you will need to assess the market for marine engineering too. Like every market demand for professionals, not every country will need marine engineers. You will need to see for yourself if your country has a need for marine engineers.


The bottom line is that there are so many kinds of engineering you can find. Each has varying degrees of importance and usefulness to our society. The key takeaway is that civil engineering and mechanical engineering are some of the most common types of engineering. You can commonly find them in many sectors across many sectors.

If you ever need engineering services, do not hesitate to contact us. We will be happy to help and provide you with the necessary engineering services you need.

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Lifting Services with TKR Engineering
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Lifting services is pretty much an essential service for a lot of industries with heavy item movement. Many shipping companies will find itself needing such lifting services. Lifting super heavy items can be dangerous. However, it’s more dangerous that you use the wrong lifting gears when transporting large loads.

TKR Engineering is here to provide you with the relevant and correct lifting services. Our wire rope slings are tested foolproof. It is able to lift twice the safe working load limit upon fabrication. Our lifting services is certifiable through a quality control system. Those met the ISO standards for lifting equipment. Among the machines used are clamping machines and test benches.

Lifting Gear Supply

Lifting Services
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We provide several kinds of lifting gear supplies. Here are some of the varieties we offer.

Wire Rope Sling

Wire rope sling is perhaps a common lifting entity found across many, if not all lifting service companies. Slings often use wire ropes because of its strength, durability, abrasion resistance. Also, for its ability to conform to the shape of the loads people use it for. In addition, wire rope slings are able to lift hot items.

Wire rope slings can be made of ropes with either Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) or a fibre-core. You should know that a fibre-core sling is usually more flexible. However, it is less impervious to environmental damage. Contrarywise, a core that is made of a wire rope strand tends to have superior strength. They are more resistant to heat damage.

Wire rope may be factory-made using different rope lays. The lay of a wire rope describes the direction the wires and strands are twisted during the building of the rope. Most wire rope is right lay or regular lay. This type of rope has the broadest range of applications. Wire rope slings may be factory-made. Other wire rope lays at the recommendation of the sling manufacturer or a capable person.

Wire rope slings are made from numerous grades of wire rope. However, the most common grades in use are Extra Improved Plow Steel (EIPS) and Extra Extra Improved Plow Steel (EEIPS). These wire ropes are manufactured and tested in unity with ASTM guidelines. If other grades of wire rope are perused, use them in agreement with the manufacturer’s recommendations and guidance.

When selecting a wire rope sling to give the best service, consider four characteristics. They are: strength, ability to bend without distortion, ability to withstand abrasive wear, and ability to withstand abuse.

Other Common Lifting Gear Supply

Chain Links TKR Engineering
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Besides providing wire rope slings, we also supply a comprehensive range of high-quality lifting equipment to fit every imaginable purpose. Most of our product are available for buying such as:

Webbing Sling: Webbing slings are usually made of polyester. They are made to lift heavy loads. Many polyester webbing slings are suitable to lift loads from 0 tonnes to 6 tonnes. Webbing slings are flexible, lightweight and have a wide bearing surface. Which is good because it helps protect the load you are lifting. Webbing slings are the most popular variety of slings. Their stretchy characteristics help reduce shock loading problems.

Masterlink: Also known as a masterlink or masterlink assembly. A masterlink are usually used as end piece on a sling or to amass a 2, 3 or 4-leg sling construction.

Chain Blocks: Chain block is a device used to lift and lower heavy loads using a chain. Chain blocks contain 2 wheels which the chain is coiled around. When the chain is pulled, it winds around the wheels and begins to lift the element that is attached to the rope or chain. They did it by using a hook. Chain Blocks can also be attached to lifting slings or chain bags to boost the load more evenly.

Level Blocks: A levelling block is like a mini ramp for your tires to take a breather. Most are stereotypically made of plastic. Many are intended to stack up and connect with each other to form a graduated series of flat surfaces for parking a tire. Some people use wood or concrete blocks for levelling. However, both are porous materials that can break when they come in contact with moisture. Furthermore, plastic blocks are often easier to store, clean, and carry.

We also provide chains, thimbles, ferrule, shackles and many other lifting aids.

Testing and Inspection

TKR Engineering Lifting Gear Supply
Images copyright for TKR Engineering

Lifting equipment means nothing without testing and inspection. Safe and successful lifting operations mostly depend on the safety of lifting equipment used. Non-destructive test (NDT) and load test can be done on containers, equipment and structure.


The bottom line is that we do indeed provide custom fabricated lifting services. In conclusion, we provide custom fabricated lifting services to whoever needs it. We made sure that the custom fabricated lifting services ropes we made are thoroughly tested for safety. Should you ever need custom lifting services, feel free to give us a call.

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