Marine And Offshore Safety: TKR Engineering

.Marine and offshore safety are perhaps one of those areas that aren’t talked about a lot. Perhaps it’s one of those “less glam” parts of the industry. But it’s needed nonetheless. We are here to talk about safety in marine and offshore rigs.

Last year 2nd September 2019, a 75 feet long diving vessel Conception anchored in Platts harbour, Santa Cruz Island. On it was 33 passengers and 6 crew members. The boat caught fire in the early hours of the morning. All passengers and 1 crewmember died of smoke inhalation after being trapped in the berthing area.

Offshore Safety
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Somehow the smoke and heat detectors are not interconnected on the boat. Not especially across all its passenger areas.

“The Conception may have passed all Coast Guard inspections, but that did not make it safe,” said NTSB Chairman Robert L. Sumwalt, whose team investigated the burned boat. “Our new recommendations will make these vessels safer, but there is no rule change that can replace human vigilance.”

The NTSB has later on called for all vessels similar to the Conception with overnight accommodations to be required to have interconnected smoke detectors installed in all passenger areas. It also recommended that a secondary means of escape lead into a different space than the primary exit, just in case a single fire blocks both escape paths. The NTSB also called on the U.S. Coast Guard to come up with and implement an inspection program to verify that roving patrols are conducted – as needed – for the safety of sleeping passengers and crew.

Call For Better Offshore Safety Efforts

Offshore Safety
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NTSB investigators found the non-appearance of a required roving patrol on the Conception that has most likely delayed the initial detection of the fire. This further allowed for its growth, precluded firefighting and evacuation efforts. It also directly led to the high number of fatalities in the accident.

Having said all that, it simply means that safety precautions have to be taken on your boats, ships, offshore rigs, etc. It does not limit to just one entity, but a few. At the same time, even though the above incident happens at a private boat does not mean it will not happen on industrial ones.

Role of International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA)

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The International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA), based in London, has published Basic Safety Training Requirements for Personnel Employed in the Offshore Renewable Energy Sector.

It provides standard basic safety training requirements for enclosure at contract awards stage. It covers those who are employed on-board vessels during the construction and maintenance support phases of offshore renewable energy projects. The new guidance document includes a vital matrix to aid precision and concise information for the sector.

The ‘Basic Safety Training Matrix’ outlines the minimum level of health and safety training, and medical fitness that is needed to work on (and from) vessels engaged on an offshore renewable energy project. It was designed by a working group of IMCA’s Marine Renewable Energy Committee chaired by Marc van Dorth from Seaway 7. The group also comprised of members from IMCA’s Diving, Marine, ROV and Offshore Survey Committees and the document is published as an IMCA Competence & Training Guideline.

Need For Standardised Basic Level of Safety Training

Captain Andy Goldsmith, Technical Adviser – Marine at IMCA explained, “All workers and mariners require a basic level of training prior to the commencement of work in the offshore renewable energy industry. The new document is designed to eliminate confusion and duplication of basic training. It can be costly in terms of both time and financial investment. It also affects the morale of marine contractor personnel.”

He further states, “The matrix, which was finalised in consultation with major developers such as Ørsted and Vattenfall greatly aids clarity for the sector. It ensures that clearly defined safety measures can be put in place right at the start of every offshore renewable energy project. This is by showing the basic safety training requirements depending on where an offshore worker is located.

“The working patterns and environment for personnel employed in a vessel are significantly different from personnel deployed directly from onshore to an offshore structure. Therefore, basic safety training requirements cannot be generalised and are different for both groups of personnel.”

IMCA stresses that the basic safety training is only one component of an individual’s competency requirement. The matrix does not detail training needed by individuals to be competent in the role for which they have been employed.

Ways You Can Prevent Offshore Hazards

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Here are some ways that you can help prevent offshore hazards at oil rigs and/or boats (industrial or private, otherwise). Even though you may not be a professionally trained safety officer, you can still follow these few safety simple steps.

a. Actively peruse PPE that is provided

If your job is a high-risk job, and it requires PPE, then you should be using your PPE were provided (by your company). If your company does not provide the right PPE sets, then do so by pressuring your company in providing the right ones. Anything for keeping your safety at your work stations in regular check.

b. Follow workplace safety operation procedure (SOP)

Every company, work stations, offices usually have their own safety SOPs in place. Having said that, it’ll be wise to follow accordingly. It’ll be advisable for companies to run safety training from time to time. Just in case workplace accidents happen suddenly.

c. Keeping your workplace as hazard-free as possible

Sometimes it’s following the simplest rule or keeping your workplace clean and tidy that helps. Things like keeping flammable items away from fire or high heat, placing liquids in proper containers/bottles, and more that helps.


The bottom line is that safety in the maritime and offshore locations are just as important. It may be talked about a lot, but it really is as important.

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Mechanical Engineering with TKR Engineering

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Mechanical Engineering With TKR Engineering

One of the most miscellaneous and versatile engineering fields, mechanical engineering is the study of objects and systems in motion. That being said, the field of mechanical engineering touches virtually on every aspect of modern life, including the human body.

The role of a mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to the market. To achieve this, the mechanical engineer must be able to determine the forces and thermal environment that the product, its parts, or its sub-systems will experience. They are to design them for functionality, aesthetics, and durability. Mechanical engineers also have to determine the best manufacturing approach that will ensure operation without catastrophe.

Mechanical engineers play important roles in a wide range of industries including the following:

  • Automotive
  • Aerospace
  • Biotechnology
  • Computers
  • Electronics
  • Microelectromechanical systems
  • Energy conversion
  • Robotics and automation
  • Manufacturing

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) currently lists up to 36 different technical divisions, from advanced energy systems and aerospace engineering to solid-waste engineering and textile engineering.

The breadth of mechanical engineering chastisement allows students a variety of career choices beyond the industries listed above. Regardless of the precise path, they envisage for themselves, a mechanical engineering education authorizes students with creative thinking skills to design an exciting product or system; analytical tools to attain their design goals; the ability to overcome all restrictions; and the teamwork needed to design, market, and yield a system. These valuable skills can be used to launch careers in many other fields, such as medicine, law, consulting, management, banking, and finance.

What Exactly is Mechanical Engineering?

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Technically, mechanical engineering is the application of the principles and problem-solving techniques from design to manufacturing to the marketplace for any object. Mechanical engineers assess their work using the principles of motion, energy, and force, making sure that designs function safely, efficiently, and reliably, all at a competitive cost.

Mechanical engineers do make a difference. That’s because of mechanical engineering careers centre around creating technologies to meet your everyday human needs. Virtually every product or service in modern society has probably been touched in some way by a mechanical engineer to help us. This includes solving today’s problems and creating future resolutions in health care, energy, transportation, space exploration, climate change, and more.

Being deep-seated in many challenges and innovations across many fields means a mechanical engineering education is versatile. To meet this broad request, mechanical engineers may design a module, a machine, a system, or a process. This ranges from the macro to the micro, from the largest systems like cars and satellites to the smallest components like sensors and switches. Anything that requires to be manufactured – anything with moving parts – needs the knowledge of a mechanical engineer.

What Do They Do?

Mechanical engineering syndicates creativity, knowledge and analytical tools to complete the difficult task in shaping an idea into realism. This alteration happens at the personal scale, affecting human lives on a level we can reach out and touch like robotic prosthetic devices. It happens on the resident scale, affecting people in community-level spaces, like with nimble unified microgrids. And it happens on much larger scales, like with advanced power systems, through engineering that operates nationwide or across the planet.

Mechanical engineers have a massive range of opportunity and their education reflects this breadth of subjects. Students concentrate on one area while consolidating analytical and problem-solving skills applicable to any engineering situation.

Disciplines within mechanical engineering include the following:

  • Acoustics
  • Aerospace
  • Automation
  • Automotive
  • Autonomous Systems
  • Biotechnology
  • Composites
  • Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
  • Control Systems
  • Cybersecurity
  • Design
  • Energy
  • Ergonomics
  • Human health
  • Manufacturing and additive manufacturing
  • Mechanics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Production planning
  • Robotics
  • Structural analysis

Technology itself has also shaped how mechanical engineers’ function and the suite of tools have grown quite powerful in recent years. Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is a broad term that covers anything from typical CAD methods to computer-aided manufacturing to computer-aided engineering, involving limited element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). These tools and others have additionally broadened the horizons of mechanical engineering.

A Career in Mechanical Engineering

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Society pretty much depends on mechanical engineering. The need for this knowledge is great in so many fields and there is no real limit for the freshly graduated mechanical engineer. Jobs are often in demand, particularly in the automotive, aerospace, electronics, biotechnology, and energy businesses.

In statics, research focuses on how forces are spread to and throughout a structure. As soon a system is in motion, mechanical engineers look at subtleties, or what speeds, accelerations and resulting forces come into play. Kinematics then scrutinizes how a mechanism behaves as it moves through its range of movement.

Resources science delves into defining the best materials for different usages. A part of that is its strength, which is indispensable for many construction, automobile, and medical materials.

How energy gets transformed into useful power is the heart of thermodynamics, as well as determining what energy is lost in the procedure. One specific kind of energy, heat transfer, is crucial in many usages and need gathering and analysing temperature data and deliveries. Fluid mechanics, which also has a diversity of applications, look at many properties including pressure reduction from fluid flow and aerodynamic drag forces.

Manufacturing is an imperative step in mechanical engineering. Within the field, researchers examine the best processes to make manufacturing more effectual. Laboratory methods focus on refining how to measure both thermal and mechanical engineering products and processes. At the same time, machine design grows equipment-scale processes while electrical engineering focuses on circuitry. All this equipment provides vibrations, another field of mechanical engineering, in which researchers find out how to predict and control vibrations.

Engineering economics makes mechanical designs pertinent and usable in the real world by guesstimating manufacturing and life cycle costs of materials, designs, and other engineered products.

Skills Needed

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The core of engineering is problem-solving. With this at its core, mechanical engineering also needs applied creativity – a hands-on understanding of the work involved. All that along with strong interpersonal skills like networking, leadership, and conflict organization. Creating a product is only part of the calculation; knowing how to work with people, ideas, data, and economics completely make a mechanical engineer.


Breakthroughs in materials and analytical tools have made way for new frontiers for mechanical engineers. Nanotechnology, biotechnology, amalgams, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and acoustic engineering have all extended the mechanical engineering toolbox.

Nanotechnology allows for the engineering of materials on the tiniest of scales. With the ability to design and manufacture down to the rudimentary level, the likelihoods for objects grows immensely. Composites are another area where the operation of materials allows for new manufacturing opportunities. By uniting materials with different characteristics in ground-breaking ways, the best of each material can be employed and new answers found.

CFD provides mechanical engineers with the opportunity to study multifaceted fluid flows analysed with procedures. This allows for the modelling of circumstances that would previously have been impossible. Acoustical engineering inspects vibration and sound, providing the opportunity to decrease noise in devices and increase competence in everything from biotechnology to architecture.

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Civil Engineering Services in Miri

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[Infographics] Types of Engineering

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TKR Engineering is one of the engineering firms in Miri that provides civil engineering services. Civil engineering is definitely one of the most common engineering services you can find. Many industries need civil engineering for various reasons.

You can find industries that commonly need civil engineers and their services. Especially in the oil and gas sector, construction sector, and many more. It’s one of the most sought-after engineering categories across many industries.

However, keep in mind that the supply and demand of each engineering categories differ from country to country. It also depends on the supply and demand internationally, regionally, and locally. That means, sometimes there may be a spike in needing a civil engineer. Some other time, the country or region may not need any civil engineers at all.

What Civil Engineers Do

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Civil engineering is not all about fancy buildings. Although it’s true that civil engineers are responsible for some of the most jaw-dropping infrastructures in the world. Infrastructures such as the Sydney Opera House, The Shard, among other famous landmarks.

However, civil engineering is also about maintaining and adapting the infrastructure that we use on a daily basis – our roads, railways and bridges; energy and water supply; waste networks and flood defences. Civil engineers have to maintain those infrastructures running effectively and adapt it to meet challenges, such as population growth, climate change and natural disasters.

They must also find creative ways to deliver the infrastructure as needed when there is little money in the bank to pay for it. In simple words, civil engineers have to come up with solid solutions to complex problems and implement them accordingly. They literally shape the planet we live in. There are many different specializations within civil engineering, including environmental, structural, municipal, transport and geotechnical.

There are two kinds of civil engineering within the various specialisms:

  • Civil engineering consultants who emphasise on design work and generally spend more time in the office or working with their clients.
  • Civil engineer contractors who are more involved with keeping an eye on the physical construction and are usually based on-site.

Both are challenging environments, and all civil engineers are needed to be innovative and logical individuals. Other indispensable attributes civil engineers need include: creativity, versatility, a problem-solving mind, and the ability to understand the bigger picture and to cooperate with a number of other professionals.

Civil Engineering Characteristics

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Civil engineers need a broad skill set. One of the most critical rudiments to succeeding is project management. Some plans can be drawn in relative remoteness; however, it is bringing plans to life that needs a team. A civil engineer is the leader of such a team. Where team members’ individual work encounters with that of others, the civil engineer makes sure it all fits together.

All the skills that have to be taken to any project have to be applied to public works projects. Civil engineers hold others accountable while making sure that a public works project is completed on time, on budget and up to quality expectations. 

Civil engineers are supposed to be good problem solvers. When documented plans do not go hand in hand with reality, civil engineers will then devise solutions that keep within a project’s framework. They answer questions about the ongoing project when those performing parts of the project need clarification.

Civil Engineering Services: In Need of Solid Skills

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The ability of advanced mathematics is essential to civil engineering. Geometry and calculus are clear necessities. For obvious reasons, computer programs can solve equations in a matter of a few seconds. However, civil engineers must know what those figures entail and apply them to plans. Laymen and regular people outside the core group working on a public works project do not understand these mathematical areas to the extent any civil engineers do. However, those who make conclusions about a public works project’s direction understand business math.

Civil engineers offer cost estimates and devise budgets. They need acceptance from decision-makers on the finance side of things. This is so that they can actually put their geometry and calculus skills to creative use.

Engineering projects often have many governmental units involved. Work on an interstate highway can involve entities in federal, state and local governments. On some projects, there can be more than one government organization that provides financial support. Designated officials and public administrators pay more attention to projects they support financially than to those merely occurring in their geographical proximity. For example, a city council is aware of road projects going on in the county, however, they are involved in road projects within the city limits.


Civil engineering is definitely one of the most important engineering branches in the engineering sector. People need them to build infrastructures, buildings, and much other construction works. If you ever need civil engineering services in Miri, TKR Engineering is ready to help, provide, and work with you accordingly.

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