A Quick Guide of the Kinds of Engineering Services We Provide
There are a huge variety of engineering you can find. Different types of engineering usually provide different kinds of services in different sectors. In all its essence, engineering basically means:
Engineering is the application of science and math to solve problems. Engineers figure out how things work and find practical uses for scientific discoveries. Scientists and inventors often get the credit for innovations that advance the human condition, but it is engineers who are instrumental in making those innovations available to the world.
Source: Live Science
We live on a planet that is filled with different kinds of engineering. It’s pretty telling as buildings require civil engineering. Boats and marine vessels require some form of mechanical engineering and marine engineering. Cars require mechanical engineering as much as roads require civil engineering. The things we use on a daily basis require some form of engineering.
Here are some of the most common engineering types you can find:
- Mechanical engineering
- Electrical engineering
- Civil engineering
- Chemical engineering
- Industrial engineering
- Marine engineering
There are many more kinds of engineering that you can find. Each engineering serves their respective fields accordingly. Some engineering types are needed more than the others. Whereas some others do not.
Common Types of Engineering
Let’s have a look at some of the most common, if not more popular kinds of engineering.
Civil engineering is perhaps the most popular and common engineering types you can ever find.
TKR Engineering is one of the engineering firms in Miri that provides civil engineering services. Civil engineering is definitely one of the most common engineering services you can find. Many industries need civil engineering for various reasons.
You can find industries that commonly need civil engineers and their services. Especially in the oil and gas sector, construction sector, and many more. It’s one of the most sought-after engineering categories across many industries.
However, keep in mind that the supply and demand of each engineering categories differ from country to country. It also depends on the supply and demand internationally, regionally, and locally. That means, sometimes there may be a spike in needing a civil engineer. Some other time, the country or region may not need any civil engineers at all.
What Do Civil Engineers Usually Do?
Civil engineering is not all about fancy buildings. Although it’s true that civil engineers are responsible for some of the most jaw-dropping infrastructures in the world. Infrastructures such as the Sydney Opera House, The Shard, among other famous landmarks.
However, civil engineering is also about maintaining and adapting the infrastructure that we use on a daily basis – our roads, railways and bridges; energy and water supply; waste networks and flood defences. Civil engineers have to maintain those infrastructures running effectively and adapt it to meet challenges, such as population growth, climate change and natural disasters.
They must also find creative ways to deliver the infrastructure as needed when there is little money in the bank to pay for it. In simple words, civil engineers have to come up with solid solutions to complex problems and implement them accordingly. They literally shape the planet we live in. There are many different specializations within civil engineering, including environmental, structural, municipal, transport and geotechnical.
There are two kinds of civil engineering within the various specialisms:
- Civil engineering consultants who emphasise on design work and generally spend more time in the office or working with their clients.
- Civil engineer contractors who are more involved with keeping an eye on the physical construction and are usually based on-site.
Both are challenging environments, and all civil engineers are needed to be innovative and logical individuals. Other indispensable attributes civil engineers need include: creativity, versatility, a problem-solving mind, and the ability to understand the bigger picture and to cooperate with a number of other professionals.
Characteristics of Civil Engineering
Civil engineers need a broad skill set. One of the most critical rudiments to succeeding is project management. Some plans can be drawn in relative remoteness; however, it is bringing plans to life that needs a team. A civil engineer is the leader of such a team. Where team members’ individual work encounters with that of others, the civil engineer makes sure it all fits together.
All the skills that have to be taken to any project have to be applied to public works projects. Civil engineers hold others accountable while making sure that a public works project is completed on time, on budget and up to quality expectations.
Civil engineers are supposed to be great problem solvers. When documented plans do not go hand in hand with reality, civil engineers will then devise solutions that keep within a project’s framework. They answer questions about the ongoing project when those performing parts of the project need clarification.
Skills That Civil Engineers Need
The ability of advanced mathematics is essential to civil engineering. Geometry and calculus are clear necessities. For obvious reasons, computer programs can solve equations in a matter of a few seconds. However, civil engineers must know what those figures entail and apply them to plans. Laymen and regular people outside the core group working on a public works project do not understand these mathematical areas to the extent any civil engineers do. However, those who make conclusions about a public works project’s direction understand business math.
Civil engineers offer cost estimates and devise budgets. They need acceptance from decision-makers on the finance side of things. This is so that they can actually put their geometry and calculus skills to creative use.
Engineering projects often have many governmental units involved. Work on an interstate highway can involve entities in federal, state and local governments. On some projects, there can be more than one government organization that provides financial support.
Designated officials and public administrators pay more attention to projects they support financially than to those merely occurring in their geographical proximity. For example, a city council is aware of road projects going on in the county, however, they are involved in road projects within the city limits.
One of the most miscellaneous and versatile engineering fields, mechanical engineering is the study of objects and systems in motion. That being said, the field of mechanical engineering touches virtually on every aspect of modern life, including the human body.
The role of a mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to the market. To achieve this, the mechanical engineer must be able to determine the forces and thermal environment that the product, its parts, or its sub-systems will experience. They are to design them for functionality, aesthetics, and durability. Mechanical engineers also have to determine the best manufacturing approach that will ensure operation without catastrophe.
Mechanical engineers play important roles in a wide range of industries including the following:
- Microelectromechanical systems
- Energy conversion
- Robotics and automation
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) currently lists up to 36 different technical divisions, from advanced energy systems and aerospace engineering to solid-waste engineering and textile engineering.
The breadth of mechanical engineering chastisement allows students a variety of career choices beyond the industries listed above. Regardless of the precise path, they envisage for themselves, a mechanical engineering education authorizes students with creative thinking skills to design an exciting product or system. They have analytical tools to attain their design goals. They also have the ability to overcome all restrictions. At the same time, they also have the teamwork needed to design, market, and yield a system. These valuable skills can be used to launch careers in many other fields, such as medicine, law, consulting, management, banking, and finance.
What Exactly is Mechanical Engineering?
Technically, mechanical engineering is the application of the principles and problem-solving techniques from design to manufacturing to the marketplace for any object. Mechanical engineers assess their work using the principles of motion, energy, and force, making sure that designs function safely, efficiently, and reliably, all at a competitive cost.
Mechanical engineers do make a difference. That’s because of mechanical engineering careers centre around creating technologies to meet your everyday human needs. Virtually every product or service in modern society has probably been touched in some way by a mechanical engineer to help us. This includes solving today’s problems and creating future resolutions in health care, energy, transportation, space exploration, climate change, and more.
Being deep-seated in many challenges and innovations across many fields means a mechanical engineering education is versatile. To meet this broad request, mechanical engineers may design a module, a machine, a system, or a process. This ranges from the macro to the micro, from the largest systems like cars and satellites to the smallest components like sensors and switches. Anything that requires to be manufactured – anything with moving parts – needs the knowledge of a mechanical engineer.
What Do They Do?
Mechanical engineering syndicates creativity, knowledge and analytical tools to complete the difficult task in shaping an idea into realism. This alteration happens at a personal scale, affecting human lives on a level we can reach out and touch like robotic prosthetic devices. It happens on a resident scale, affecting people in community-level spaces, like with nimble unified microgrids. And it happens on much larger scales, like with advanced power systems, through engineering that operates nationwide or across the planet.
Mechanical engineers have a massive range of opportunity and their education reflects this breadth of subjects. Students concentrate on one area while consolidating analytical and problem-solving skills applicable to any engineering situation.
Disciplines within mechanical engineering include the following:
- Autonomous Systems
- Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
- Control Systems
- Human health
- Manufacturing and additive manufacturing
- Production planning
- Structural analysis
Technology itself has also shaped how mechanical engineers’ function and the suite of tools have grown quite powerful in recent years. Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is a broad term that covers anything from typical CAD methods to computer-aided manufacturing to computer-aided engineering, involving limited element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). These tools and others have additionally broadened the horizons of mechanical engineering.
A Career in Mechanical Engineering
Society pretty much depends on mechanical engineering. The need for this knowledge is great in so many fields and there is no real limit for the freshly graduated mechanical engineer. Jobs are often in demand, particularly in the automotive, aerospace, electronics, biotechnology, and energy businesses.
In statics, research focuses on how forces are spread to and throughout a structure. As soon a system is in motion, mechanical engineers look at subtleties, or what speeds, accelerations and resulting forces come into play. Kinematics then scrutinizes how a mechanism behaves as it moves through its range of movement.
Resources science delves into defining the best materials for different usages. A part of that is its strength, which is indispensable for many construction, automobile, and medical materials.
How energy gets transformed into useful power is the heart of thermodynamics, as well as determining what energy is lost in the procedure. One specific kind of energy, heat transfer, is crucial in many usages and need gathering and analysing temperature data and deliveries. Fluid mechanics, which also has a diversity of applications, look at many properties including pressure reduction from fluid flow and aerodynamic drag forces.
Manufacturing is an imperative step in mechanical engineering. Within the field, researchers examine the best processes to make manufacturing more effectual. Laboratory methods focus on refining how to measure both thermal and mechanical engineering products and processes. At the same time, machine design grows equipment-scale processes while electrical engineering focuses on circuitry. All this equipment provides vibrations, another field of mechanical engineering, in which researchers find out how to predict and control vibrations.
Engineering economics makes mechanical designs pertinent and usable in the real world by guesstimating manufacturing and life cycle costs of materials, designs, and other engineered products.
Skills Needed for Mechanical Engineering
The core of engineering is problem-solving. With this at its core, mechanical engineering also needs applied creativity – a hands-on understanding of the work involved. All that along with strong interpersonal skills like networking, leadership, and conflict organization. Creating a product is only part of the calculation; knowing how to work with people, ideas, data, and economics completely make a mechanical engineer.
Key Takeaway for Mechanical Engineering
Breakthroughs in materials and analytical tools have made way for new frontiers for mechanical engineers. Nanotechnology, biotechnology, amalgams, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and acoustic engineering have all extended the mechanical engineering toolbox.
Nanotechnology allows for the engineering of materials on the tiniest of scales. With the ability to design and manufacture down to the rudimentary level, the likelihoods for objects grows immensely. Composites are another area where the operation of materials allows for new manufacturing opportunities. By uniting materials with different characteristics in ground-breaking ways, the best of each material can be employed and new answers found for different types of engineering.
CFD provides mechanical engineers with the opportunity to study multifaceted fluid flows analysed with procedures. This allows for the modelling of circumstances that would previously have been impossible. Acoustical engineering inspects vibration and sound, providing the opportunity to decrease noise in devices and increase competence in everything from biotechnology to architecture.
Marine engineering is perhaps one of the less-talked-about engineering categories. However, that does not mean it does not exist as types of engineering. A lot of people may think that marine engineering isn’t as important or common as some other engineering categories. Well, they are obviously wrong when it comes to different types of engineering!
Why You Need Marine Engineers
Marine engineers are people who make and repair boats, underwater crafts, offshore platforms, and drilling equipment. They also design, build, and test ships, boats, and other marine entities.
At the same time, it is normal for them to work closely with naval architects to design small yachts, fishing boats, submarines, and aircraft carriers.
They may sometimes even have to work closely with ocean engineers. In quick summary, marine engineering is a lot like ocean engineering, but with a mix of other engineering types. It is a combination of classical engineering types like civil engineering, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering. What separates marine engineers is their ability to solve complicated problems. These include hydrodynamics, marine acoustics, offshore engineering, marine robotics and naval architecture.
Common Skills Used By Marine Engineers
Marine engineers are expected to know and learn a wide range of skills to stay relevant in the market. Here are some of the core skills your typical marine engineer should have:
- IT skills (so they can use AutoCAD design software)
- Soft skills that are good for marine engineers to have to stay in their field:
- Time management
Where Do Marine Engineers Usually Work At?
Marine Engineers stereotypically work offshore – oilrigs and ships mostly. That stereotype may be true, but it doesn’t mean that there are no offshore jobs for them. Here are some common marine engineering jobs you can find:
- Merchant vessels
- Navy vessels where you are able to combine your naval career with your technical experiences
- Shipping equipment manufacturers
- Oil industries
People generally can understand that not everyone wants to work offshore. To some people, going offshore is a complete put off to them. That being said, here are some onshore jobs that marine engineers can work at:
- Hotels that have sea vessels in their services
- Government organizations
- Shipping companies
- Training other marine engineers
- Marine engineering firms
Key Takeaway For Marine Engineering
Marine engineering is an important aspect of engineering. It may not be the most popular aspect but still is important nonetheless. Its salary is relatively high, albeit not as high as what some other types of engineering.
The demand for marine engineering isn’t exactly as popular or high. Compared to civil engineering and mechanical engineering, marine engineering is moderate in demands. However, you will need to assess the market for marine engineering too. Like every market demand for professionals, not every country will need marine engineers. You will need to see for yourself if your country has a need for marine engineers.
The bottom line is that there are so many kinds of engineering you can find. Each has varying degrees of importance and usefulness to our society. The key takeaway is that civil engineering and mechanical engineering are some of the most common types of engineering. You can commonly find them in many sectors across many sectors.
If you ever need engineering services, do not hesitate to contact us. We will be happy to help and provide you with the necessary engineering services you need.